Tuesday, March 3, 2015

GLOBAL ECONOMIC MELTDOWN: Precursors To A Global Financial Collapse - Giant Retailer Target To Cut Thousands Of Jobs In Restructuring!

ustomers walk into a Target store at Christiana Mall in Newark, Delaware.(Photo: Eileen Blass, USAT)

March 3, 2015 - NEW YORK, UNITED STATES
- Target plans to invest billions of dollars this year streamlining its business, opening new stores that are more personalized to local areas and appealing to customers who are increasingly younger and more diverse.

The retailer will also cut several thousand jobs in the next two years as part of a cost savings plan, the company said Tuesday at a meeting for financial analysts and investors

Target shares are up slightly in after hours trading to $78.09. The announcements come nearly a week after Target said same-store sales for 2014 increased 1.3% and 3.8% in the fourth quarter.

CEO Brian Cornell and other executives outlined the retailer's business priorities, which are focused on making specific product categories more stylish and trendy and encouraging shopping across digital channels and stores.

Target has been working to reposition itself as a shopping destination after several years of missteps that saw the brand lose its edge on fashionable home and apparel. Cornell was brought on last summer after former CEO Gregg Steinhafel left the company in the wake of 2013's holiday-season data breach.

Since then, Cornell has helped Target identify top priorities and drive investment in categories like style, baby and kids, and wellness, which accounted for more than a quarter of the brand's sales last year. Those will continue to be the brand's main merchandising priorities as the retailer invests up to $2.2 billion this year in an effort to grow sales, traffic and brand loyalty.

About $1 billion of that will go toward technology and supply chain management. Last year, Target expanded its buy online, pick up in store program and the number of stores that double as shipping warehouses, cutting down on shipping costs and delivering orders faster. The company also plans to save around $2 billion in the next two years by making its business operations more efficient and reorganizing employees at its headquarters in Minneapolis; that includes eliminating several thousand jobs.

"We've got to make sure we're a simpler organization," Cornell said. "We have to be more agile, more nimble."

One of the company's top strategies is focusing more on its smaller format City Target and Target Express stores, which allow Target to make stores more personalized to specific markets, Cornell said. It's opening eight new express stores this year after piloting a location in Minneapolis last year. Stores will also start experimenting with a new mix of food in the grocery aisles, bringing in more fresh food, local brands and developing a recipe portal to help customers plan healthy meals.

While Cornell emphasized that food will not be a "signature category," it still drives traffic and sales, accounting for more than 20% of business in stores.

"Overall we lack a clear positioning (on food)," said Kathee Tesija, chief merchandising and supply chain officer. She said food isn't why customers come to Target and "that has to change."

Target wants to position its brands to appeal to Millennial families and Hispanics in particular, two groups that are increasingly making up its customer base. That means bolstering its mobile apps and digital experiences in stores. Three quarters of Target customers start shopping on a mobile device, Tesija said, and last year mobile traffic grew 44%. - USA Today.




GLOBAL VOLCANISM: The Latest Report Of Volcanic Eruptions, Activity, Unrest And Awakenings – March 3, 2015!

March 3, 2015 - EARTH - The following constitutes the new activity, unrest and ongoing reports of volcanoes across the globe.


Raung volcano (Indonesia):
Our local Indonesian partner, photographer and volcanologist Andi, spent a week at Raung to observe the volcano´s current explosive eruption.


Large Strombolian explosion/jet spewing lava from the dome's vent, the sound accompanying this activity is just like an exploding bomb.
Photograph taken by Andi

On the 25th of February 2015, Andi reported us the following:
Over the last two weeks Raung has been spewing out lava fountains and explosions typical for Strombolian eruptions. During my visit there were many spectacular explosions, sometimes as frequent as occurring every 15 minutes. The loud detonation sounds and rumbling of the volcano could be heard up to 10-15 km away from the vent, as well as from Ijen crater. Harmonic tremors and regular gas venting are a steady occruence and seem to indicate that Raung might be building up a dome similar to the one in 2012.


Beautiful incandescent trails of a large explosion during the night. Photograph taken by Andi

Beautiful incandescent trails of a large explosion during the night. Photograph taken by Andi

The status alert remains at level 2 and so far no evacuation procedures have been initated for the many inhabitants of the land surrounding Raul volcano.


Bardarbunga volcano (Iceland): At noon of the 28th of February, the Scientific Advisory Board for Iceland´s recent volcanic activity officially declared that the eruption at Holuhraun has come to an end.

A first mention of a visible reduction in the amount of lava emitted over the previous 2 weeks was reported on the 6th of February - but seismic activity in and around Bárðarbunga continued to be strong.

The Icelandic Met Office reported on the 17th February that despite the eruption at Holuhraun continued to go on, it was clearly diminishing, and no earthquake over M5.0 had been detected in the Bárðarbunga area since the 8th of January.

On the 20th of February their report mentioned that the still ongoing eruption had diminished substantially over the last few weeks and that visual activity in the crater had decreased so much that for the first time the lava field was hardly increasing in size. By then there was also a clear diminish in the region´s seismic activity.

On the 24th of February, information on the sulphur dioxide emissions in populated areas revealed that there had not been any high values of SO2 detected on the twenty or so automatic gas measuring stations - and no surpassing of the health limit of 350 µg/m³ since the 5 th of February. But it was also clearly stated that this of course does not apply to the wilderness closer to Holuhraun where sulphur dioxide is present at dangerous levels. A helicopter surveillance flight on the 27th of February finally showed that there was no more glow at the eruptive site, suggesting that the magma flow is over, i.e. that new and hot magma is no longer transported to the surface to erupt as lava through the vents in Holuhraun. Volcanic gas is, however, still being released from both the eruptive site and the lava field.

The Holuhraun eruption began on the 31st of August 2014, after 2 weeks of earthquakes in and around Bárðarbunga volcano which were followed all over the world thanks to the internet and represent the first time ever that a magmatic intrusion in the upper crust was closely observed.


The fissure was still very active and violently erupting tall lava fountains from a number of vents when
volcanologist Dr Tom Pfeiffer flew over the site on the 12the of September 2014.

On the 27th of February Helo - Helicopter Service of Iceland reported that the flame is now out in Holuhraun.

The eruption site at Holuhraun and the immensely long lava flow and active lava field on the 26th of October 2014. Photograph taken by Ólafur Sigurjónsson.

By the winter of 2014, the exposive activity had subdued and changed into effusive activity of lava flowing from a large active lava lake.
Photograph from the Institure of Earth Sciences at the University of Iceland.

This lava lake continued to be very active: continuous degassing gave rise to bubbles and explosions, making the lava lake look as it is boiling.
Photograph from the Institure of Earth Sciences at the University of Iceland.


The fissure eruption had a large number of active vents that ejected large amounts of lava for a prolonged time, but even after the initial onset of the eruption a few of these vents remained very active - eventually transforming from explosive to effusive volcanic activity but continuing to feed the huge lava field by flows from the active lava lake.

This 6 months long continuous eruption quickly became one of the very rare prolonged fissure eruptions Iceland has experienced in the past 1000 years. It also pulverized records of volume of ejected magma, length of the resulting lava flow and duration of the eruption from volcanic eruptions in the last few centuries: about 1.5 km³ of lava has been erupted and the resulting lava field has a surface area of about 86km² - making it the largest Icelandic eruption since Laki´s activity in 1783-1785.

The Laki fissure eruption itself continued for 8 months, erupted ca. 14 km³ of basaltic lava and emitted poisonous volcanic gasses (hydrofluoric acid and sulphur dioxide) that killed 50% of the livestock on Iceland. As a result, about 25% of the Icelandic human population starved to death. But the deadly results from this eruption did not stop there: in the aftermath of the eruption temperatures plunged globally due to the large amounts of sulphur dioxide that was injected in the northern hemisphere. It is estimated that the famine resulting from this climate change killed about 6 million people worldwide - making one of the most deadly volcanic eruptions of all times.

Luckily, the recent Holuhraun fissure eruption has not been so poisonous, although it did also emit a lot of sulphur dioxide in the surrounding atmosphere, which at times drifted to other parts of northern Europe. The Icelandic Civil Protection will continue to closely monitor the emission of volcanic gasses and issue warnings / alerts if the combination of degassing and the weather are forecasted to result in dangerous high levels of sulphur dioxide in certain parts of Iceland.

Other lava eruptions have taught that a lava field continues to emit gas for a long time after the end of the eruption itself. Without the thermal rise from an open vent, the volcanic gases will furthermore tend to follow pathways under the ground to find new areas to escape into the atmosphere. Therefore, even higher values of more polluting gas may be expected now than in recent weeks.

The Civil Protection thus remains to operate in the alert phase and there is no change with regard to the restricted area north of Vatnajökull, but the aviation colour code for Bárðarbunga has been downgraded from orange to yellow.



Villarrica volcano (Chile):
Activity increased to a paroxysmal eruption this morning, as strombolian explosions merged into sustained tall lava fountains several hundreds of meters tall, feeding lava flows on the upper slopes of the volcano.




The ash plume rose approx. 3 km above the volcano and caused moderate ash fall in nearby areas. Red alert was declared in the municipalities of Villarrica, Pucón and Curarrehue in the La Araucanía region, as well as in Panguipulli in the Los Ríos region. More than 3300 people were evacuated.


Colima (Western Mexico): Dr Tom Pfeiffer is part of a volcano filming expedition in Mexico at the moment. They have been observing Colima volcano over the past few days.


Starry sky and large explosive eruption of Colima, photograph by Hernando Rivera.

The effusive activity seems to have stopped since there is no more dome building nor lava flows. Explosive activity has taken over instead: Colima erupts in irregular explosions (at intervals of 30mins to 7 hours) of small to moderately large size, emitted from two different vents in summit crater. Ash plumes are rising to max 2-3km and bombs thrown into the air are estimated to travel up to 800m high and land laterally up to 1.5 km away from the vent. Such large eruptions can furthermore last up to 2 minutes.


Stromboli volcano (Eolian Islands, Italy):  Strombolian activity from the summit vents continues slowly to increase but always below normal levels.


Strong Strombolian explosion on Feb 15th (INGV Catania)

In the morning of Feb the 15th a brief but energetic series of 7-8 strong explosions occurred less than 2 minutes:it was characterized by the most powerful explosion observed since the end of the effusive activity.


Volcano Activity Summary as of March 3, 2015



Currently erupting:

Ambrym (Vanuatu): active lava lakes in several craters (updated 14 Aug 2013)
Aso (Kyushu): intense strombolian activity from main vent in Nakadake crater (updated 16 Feb 2015)
Batu Tara (Sunda Islands, Indonesia): strombolian explosions, ash plumes up to 500 m, extrusion of a small lava dome with rockfalls (updated 4 Nov 2014)
Chikurachki (Paramushir Island): ash emissions, explosions (updated 17 Feb 2015)
Colima (Western Mexico): Irregular small to moderately large explosions (updated 28 Feb 2015)
Copahue (Chile/Argentina): ash venting (updated 4 Dec 2014)
Daikoku (Volcano Islands): underwater eruption discovered on 14 Dec 2014 (updated 22 Dec 2014)
Dukono (Halmahera): thermal anomaly, probably small explosive activity in summit crater (updated 12 Feb 2015)
Erebus (Antarctica): active lava lake in summit crater (updated 8 Dec 2014)
Erta Ale (Ethiopia): active lava lake in northern pit crater, active hornito with intermittend flow in southern crater (updated 11 Jan 2013)
Fuego (Guatemala): intermittent strombolian explosions (updated 19 Feb 2015)
Gamalama (Halmahera): new eruption on 18 Dec 2014 (updated 22 Dec 2014)
Ibu (Halmahera, Indonesia): stromolian and phreatomagmatic explosions (updated 14 Nov 2014)
Karangetang (Siau Island, Sangihe Islands, Indonesia): growing lava dome, incandescent avalanches (updated 5 Feb 2015)
Karymsky (Kamchatka): occasional small explosions, thermal anomaly (updated 28 Jan 2015)
Kilauea (Hawai'i): new lava flow from vents on NE flank of Pu'u 'O'o (updated 13 Aug 2013)
Kliuchevskoi (Kamchatka): strombolian activity and lava flow on summit vent (updated 19 Feb 2015)
Marapi (Western Sumatra, Indonesia): sporadic explosions (updated 27 Mar 2014)
Nasu (Honshu)
Nishino-shima (Volcano Islands, Japan): growing island (updated 19 Jan 2015)
Nyamuragira (DRCongo): active lava lake (updated 29 Nov 2014)
Nyiragongo (DRCongo): active lava lake in summit crater (updated 26 Feb 2014)
Ol Doinyo Lengai (Tanzania): effusion of natrocarbonatite lava inside the crater (updated 8 Jul 2013)
Poas (Costa Rica): phreatic explosions (updated 14 Oct 2014)
Popocatépetl (Central Mexico): degassing, sporadic explosions, slowly growing lava dome (updated 16 Feb 2015)
Rabaul (Tavurvur) (New Britain, Papua New Guinea): lava fountains, ash emissions from Tavurvur cone (updated 12 Sep 2014)
Raung (East Java): Large Strombolian explosions (updated 1 Mar 2015)
Reventador (Ecuador): active lava flow no southwestern flank, intermittent explosions (updated 12 Feb 2015)
Sakurajima (Kyushu, Japan): ash venting, intermittent explosions (updated 19 Feb 2015)
Sangay (Ecuador): likely strombolian eruptions at summit crater (updated 28 Jan 2015)
Sangeang Api (Indonesia): growing lava dome & lava flow (updated 7 Jul 2014)
Santiaguito (Guatemala): small explosions from the Caliente dome and active lava flow (updated 3 Feb 2015)
Semeru (East Java, Indonesia): growing lava dome, lava flow, strombolian activity (updated 26 Nov 2014)
Shiveluch (Kamchatka): growing lava dome (updated 20 Feb 2015)
Sinabung (Sumatra, Indonesia): continuing pyroclastic flows (updated 20 Feb 2015)
Soputan (North Sulawesi, Indonesia): active viscous lava flow, explosions, rockfalls, pyroclastic flows (updated 12 Feb 2015)
Suwanose-jima (Ryukyu Islands): strombolian activity (updated 16 Feb 2015)
Tungurahua (Ecuador): moderate to strong strombolian explosions from central crater (updated 25 Sep 2014)
Villarrica (Central Chile): strombolian activity in summit crater, small lava lake (updated 17 Feb 2015)
Yasur (Tanna Island, Vanuatu): ash emissions, weak strombolian explosions (updated 14 Aug 2013)
Zhupanovsky (Kamchatka, Russia): intermittent ash emissions (updated 16 Feb 2015)


Eruption warning / minor activity:

Augustine (Cook Inlet (SW Alaska))
Bagana (Bougainville Island, Papua New Guinea): ash emissions, lava dome growth (updated 21 Jan 2015)
Bezymianny (Central Kamchatka Depression): steaming, weak seismic activity (updated 3 Jul 2014)
Etna (Sicily, Italy): sporadic weak ash emissions from New SE crater (updated 19 Apr 2014)
Heard (Australia, Southern Indian Ocean): possibly lava lake in summit crater (updated 5 Dec 2014)
Kavachi (Solomon Islands): no eruption since 2007 (updated 16 Jun 2014)
Kerinci (Sumatra): seismic unrest (updated 5 Jun 2013)
Kirishima (Kyushu): degassing, alert lowered (updated 25 Oct 2014)
Krakatau (Sunda Strait, Indonesia): degassing (updated 31 Mar 2014)
Kuchinoerabu-jima (Ryukyu Islands): explosion on 3 Aug 2014 (updated 5 Dec 2014)
Lokon-Empung (North Sulawesi, Indonesia): small explosions, lava flow? (updated 13 Sep 2014)
Lopevi (Vanuatu ): eruption warning (updated 16 Dec 2014)
Manam (Papua New Guinea): steaming, incandescence at main crater (updated 5 Feb 2015)
Mayon (Luzon Island): steaming (updated 18 Dec 2014)
Monowai (Kermandec Islands, New Zealand): frequent submarine eruptions, last confirmed during Oct 2014 (updated 14 Nov 2014)
Nevado del Ruiz (Colombia): ash emissions (updated 16 Dec 2014)
Ontake-san (Honshu): steaming, low seismic activity (updated 18 Dec 2014)
Pacaya (Guatemala): ash emissions (updated 7 Feb 2015)
Papandayan (West Java): strong hydrothermal activity, increased seismicity (updated 6 May 2013)
Pavlof (Alaska Peninsula, USA): steaming, elevated seismic activity (updated 22 Dec 2014)
Piton de la Fournaise (La Réunion): new eruption on 4 Feb 2015 (updated 16 Feb 2015)
Rasshua (Central Kuriles)
Rincón de la Vieja (Costa Rica): phreatic explosions from crater lake (updated 21 Sep 2014)
Sacabaya (Northern Chile, Bolivia and Argentina)
San Cristobal (Nicaragua): possible ash emission on 11 April (updated 12 Apr 2014)
San Miguel (El Salvador): elevated seismic activity, pulsating gas emissions (updated 28 Jan 2015)
Shishaldin (United States, Aleutian Islands): mild explosive activity, intermittent more intense phases (updated 3 Feb 2015)
Slamet (Central Java): intense strombolian explosions (updated 12 Jan 2015)
Stromboli (Eolian Islands, Italy): weak strombolian activity at summit vents (updated 12 Feb 2015)
Turrialba (Costa Rica): occasional ash emissions (updated 9 Dec 2014)
Ulawun (New Britain, Papua New Guinea): degassing, ash venting (updated 5 Aug 2013)

- Volcano Discovery.



GLOBAL ECONOMIC MELTDOWN: Ukraine On The Brink Of A Monumental Societal Collapse - Kiev Hike Rate To 30% To Avert Hyperinflation And Currency Plunge; Introduces Rationing As Hryvnia Causes Shopping Binge; Fourth Largest Lender Delta Bank Insolvent!

March 3, 2015 - UKRAINE - The following stories paint a dire picture of the current situation in Ukraine,  as extremely critical economic and fiscal conditions are pushing the country to the brink of a monumental societal collapse.


Ukraine hikes rate to 30%, to avert hyperinflation and currency plunge

Ukrainian hryvnia banknotes (Reuters/Konstantin Chernichkin)

The Central Bank of Ukraine is raising its benchmark interest rate to 30 percent from 19.5 percent, the biggest increase in 15 years. It reflects the bank’s attempt to save the collapsing economy from hyperinflation that some estimate at 272 percent.

The new refinancing rate becomes effective from Wednesday, Ukraine’s Central Bank said Tuesday.

This is the second rate increase this year, as the bank raised it in February to 19.5 percent from 14 percent.

The decision was taken because the bank saw the "threat of inflation had risen strongly due to negative consequences from currency market panic," the Central Bank chief Valeriya Gontareva said in a media briefing.

The bank also kept in place the requirement for companies to sell about 75 percent of their foreign currency earnings, which is also hoped, will stabilize the hryvnia. Gontareva hopes it will return the currency to a level of 20-22 to the US dollar "quickly".


Hryvnia Rallies To 1-Month Highs After Ukraine Raises Benchmark Rate To 30%

The domestic currency, the hryvnia, has lost about 70 percent since the start of the Maidan unrest a year ago. On Tuesday it was trading at 26 hryvnia to the Dollar, while a year ago a greenback bought 8 hryvnia.

This is pushing up inflation, with official numbers showing prices are rising by 28.5 percent in annual terms. However, separate research by Johns Hopkins professor Steve Hanke suggests the real inflation rate is 272 percent, the world’s highest, and well above Venezuela’s 127 percent rate.


​Kiev introduces rationing, as falling hryvnia causes shopping binge

Reuters/Eduard Korniyenko

Ukrainian supermarkets have imposed rationing of basic products after the drastic fall in the value of the hryvnia. The currency has lost 70 percent of its value causing people to stockpile food and buy electronics as a hedge.

Restrictions apply for goods such as cooking oil, flour and sugar, Ukraine’s news agency UNN reports Wednesday. Retailers may sell no more than two bottles of sunflower oil, and two packs of buckwheat per customer and, depending on the store, from 3 to 5 kilograms of flour and sugar.

Bread, rice, potatoes, meat and milk are not yet rationed, but are not so plentiful on supermarket shelves.

Stores have also see higher demand for household appliances, as people consider consumer electronics an investment as prices increase on a daily basis, RIA reports. Inflation in Ukraine is expected to reach 27 percent by the end of 2015.

Hryvnia’s fall


The rush to buy was triggered by the dramatic depreciation of Ukraine’s hryvnia which lost 70 percent of its value against other currencies in just a year. The conflict in Eastern Ukraine and international reserves only enough to last for two months, are among the key reasons for the hryvnia’s fall.

The devaluation accelerated after the National Bank of Ukraine (NBU) let the hryvnia free float in early February.

Ukraine is currently in a deep political crisis reflected in its economy and budget. The country is balancing on the brink of default. Prime Minister Arseny Yatsenyuk says Ukraine’s task for 2015 is “to survive” and that all people would face tough challenges no matter what their place in society. According to the NBU the country’s GDP plunged by 7.5 percent in 2014.

The minimum weekly wage in Ukraine is less than $43 (1,218 hryvnia) which is lower than in Bangladesh, Ghana and Zambia ($46.6)

The official exchange rate set by the National Bank for February 24 is 28.29 hryvnia to the dollar and 31.96 to the euro. Exchange offices sell the dollar at more than 40 hryvnia and the euro at about 50.

In an attempt to stop the currency’s free fall the National Bank of Ukraine stepped up its currency controls Wednesday, preventing banks from buying any foreign currency for clients this week and limiting what they could buy for themselves.

Prime Minister Arseny Yatsenyuk criticized the decision saying it doesn’t add stability to the Ukrainian economy.

"This morning I learned that the NBU on its own, without consultation, decided to close the interbank market that surely doesn’t add stability to hryvnia,"
he said talking at Wednesday’s Cabinet meeting.

Meanwhile Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko called for the head of the NBU Valeriya Gontareva to "stop messing with the exchange rate” and gave her a week to solve the issue, Ukrainian media reported Wednesday.


Ukraine’s fourth largest lender Delta Bank insolvent – central bank

Photo from facebook.com/deltabank

The fourth biggest bank in Ukraine, Delta Bank, has gone bankrupt after months of non-compliance, according to the National Bank of Ukraine. Two smaller banks in the Delta Banking group have also gone belly-up.

“The National Bank of Ukraine (NBU) adopted a resolution on the assignment of JSC Delta Bank to the category insolvent on March 2,”
says the NBU website on Tuesday. The failure of Delta Bank owner's to take timely, efficient and sufficient measures to restore the bank's financial health and viability and bring its operations into compliance with Ukrainian laws was given as the main reason for the NBU’s decision.

“The principal shareholder and the management team of Delta Bank JSC have opted for a high-risk strategy of rapid growth through the acquisition of poor-quality assets,”
the statement said.

Ukraine's monetary authorities have appeared desperate and nervous in their attempts to try to save the country's ailing economy.

On Tuesday, Ukraine’s Central Bank announced an increase of its benchmark rate to 30 percent from 19.5 percent as part of a package of measures aimed at saving the collapsing economy and stabilizing the country’s financial system. The move came after the bank’s decision last week to end currency controls to stop the currency free fall. The Ukrainian hryvnia has lost half of its value in the last two months. However, the decision was overturned in less than 24 hours after criticism from Prime Minister Yatsenyuk and President Petro Poroshenko’s of the country’s Central Bank head Valeriya Gontareva.

On Monday, while revising the country’s budget for 2015 and introducing austerity measures, the parliament adopted a law which imposes greater responsibility upon bank owners and management for a financial institutions' performance. The move is aimed at enhancing the banking sector’s resilience and ensures the protection of depositors' and creditors' rights. "The process of purging the banking system aiming to wind up insolvent banks and address the problems that have piled up in the banking industry over the years is still under way,” Gontareva said while commenting on the decision to declare Delta Bank insolvent.

Kiev-based Kreditprombank and Omega Bank that form part of the Delta Banking group have been categorized insolvent along with Delta Bank. They have been experiencing deteriorating financials after involvement in risky activities, according to the NBU’s statement. In January, both were declared problem banks. On Monday the NBU declared them insolvent as they continued violating National Bank regulations, with their owners failing to take appropriate measures to provide the necessary financial support.

In September NBU issued $165 million worth of credit to Delta Bank to support liquidity, and after agreeing a bank capitalization program issued a stabilization credit of about $39 million secured by notes guaranteed by the government.

However, those measures have only temporarily stabilized the bank’s situation. Considering the poor quality of Delta Bank’s assets, the “regulator was compelled to approve the decision to declare the bank insolvent,” NBU stated.

Delta Bank was founded in 2006; it was ranked fourth among the 158 operating banks as of January 1, 2015, with total assets worth $247 billion.

- RT.




INFRASTRUCTURE COLLAPSE: "Sudden Spike In Temperature,... Catastrophic Event,..." - United States Military Satellite Explodes Above The Earth, Sending Dozens Of Debris Tumbling Into Different Orbits Around The Earth!

An artist's rendition of a DMSP satellite orbiting Earth Photo: Los Angeles Air Force Base

March 3, 2015 - SPACE
- A US military satellite exploded after detecting an unexplained “sudden spike in temperature”, sending dozens of chunks of debris tumbling into different orbits around Earth.

Civilian company CelesTrak was first to notice the explosion of the once-secret weather satellite and the US Air Force subsequently confirmed that it had been lost.

The satellite was an ageing component of the Defense Meteorological Satellite Program which the US military began developing the in the 1960s to help plan reconnaissance and surveillance missions.

In 1972 the system was declassified, and data made available to civilian scientists.

The lost satellite was the 13th to be launched as part of DMSP, designated DMSP-F13, and had been in Earth orbit since 1995.

Air Force Space Command confirmed to SpaceNews.com that the “catastrophic event” came after “a sudden spike in temperature” was detected, followed by “an unrecoverable loss of attitude control”.

While operators were deciding how to “render the vehicle safe” they detected a debris cloud which indicated that the satellite had been destroyed.


TLEs suggest event occurred on Feb 3 at ~1715 UTC

The explosion has caused at least 43 pieces of debris to scatter into orbit, which are now being tracked by the US Air Force.

Air Force Col. John Giles, the Joint Space Operations Center’s director, told SpaceNews.com: “While the initial response is complete, JSpOC personnel will continue to assess this event to learn more about what happened and what it will mean for users within this orbit."

There is speculation that the power system may have failed, causing the explosion.

Due to the age of DMSP-F13 it was no longer a critical part of the network, and the US government expects that its loss will cause only a “slight reduction” in real-time weather data.


Event time appears closer to 1723 UTC. Debris plane does not align with planes of B, C, or E

Like all DMSP satellites it orbited the earth at an altitude of around 500 miles in a “sun-synchronous orbit” – meaning that they flew in a path taking in the north and south poles.

On each path around the earth, which took roughly 101 minutes, they would see a slightly different part of the planet. This would give each satellite a complete view of the entire planet’s surface twice a day. - Telegraph.




GLOBAL VOLCANISM: Furious And Astonishing - Lava Pillar Rises Over 3,300 Feet Into The Air At Chile's Villarica Volcano; Over 3,000 People Evacuated! [STUNNING PHOTOS + VIDEO]

The Volcano Villarrica erupts (AFP/Getty)

March 3, 2015 - CHILE
- The Villarrica volcano in southern Chile erupted in the early hours of Tuesday morning, spewing ash and lava up to 1,000m (3,300ft) into the air.

More than 3,000 people have been evacuated from the volcano's vicinity. The mayor of the nearby town of Pucon said residents had left "calmly".

President Michelle Bachelet said she would travel to the area on Tuesday to assess the situation.

The 2840m-high Villarrica is an active volcano with a lava lake in its crater.













It is a popular destination for hikers. Hundreds climb the peak each summer to peer inside the crater.

According to Chile's Ministry of Mining, its last major eruption was in 1985.

More than 100 people are thought to have died in mudflows on the slopes of the volcano during the 20th Century.




WATCH: Furious & Astonishing - Lava pillar rises thousands feet into air during Chile volcano eruption.


 

Chilean police said the towns of Pucon and Conaripe had been evacuated as a precaution.

Pucon Mayor Carlos Parra said that after 20 minutes, the volcano's activity seemed to have calmed down again.

"There's no ash, no lava flow, the volcano is totally passive at the moment," he said. - BBC.




SOLAR WATCH: Departing Sunspot 2290 Erupts With Double Barrel M-Class Solar Flares - Pulse Of Radiation Ionizes Upper Layers Of Earth's Atmosphere, Causing Blackout Of Radio Transmissions!

March 3, 2015 - SPACE - Departing sunspot AR2290 becomes suddenly productice, crackles with M-class solar flares. The strongest so far, an M8-class explosion on March 3rd @ 01:35 UT, almost crossed the threshold into X-territory. NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory recorded the extreme ultraviolet flash:





Radio Blackouts

A pulse of radiation from the flare ionized the upper layers of Earth's atmosphere. This caused a blackout of radio transmissions at frequencies below 10 MHz. The effect was particularly strong above Australia and parts of the south Pacific: blackout map.





Because the blast took place from just beyond the west limb, it should have no major impact on our planet.

Perhaps we will see 2290 again in 2 weeks?


WATCH: Double barrel M-class solar flares.




Chance of Magnetic Storms

NOAA forecasters estimate a 25% chance of more M-class flares on March 3rd, subsiding to 10% on March 4th as sunspot AR2290 rotates onto the farside of the sun.

Ham radio operators and mariners may notice disturbances to HF communicatons during the next 24-48 hours.

NOAA forecasters estimate a 55% chance of high-latitude geomagnetic storms on March 3rd. The cause: A stream of solar wind is buffeting our planet's magnetic field, sparking bright auroras around the Arctic Circle.


Sunspots

Aside from the aforementioned eruptions, solar activity during the past 48 hours was moderate. Region 2290, now located behind the west limb, produced a pair of low level M-Flares, along with several minor C-Flares. The active region will continue to turn further onto the farside of the sun and should have little to no influence on our planet.




Elsewhere, region 2292 grew during the past day and will continue to be monitored. Region 2293 decayed somewhat and is not considered a high threat for noteworthy solar flares. A number of coronal mass ejections were detected during the past day and each appear to have originated from the farside of the sun.




Periods of minor (G1) geomagnetic storming continued at high latitudes. Solar wind speeds remain elevated above 600 km/s. Geomagnetic conditions should gradually decline during the next 48 hours. Sky watchers, especially around the Arctic Circle should remain alert for visible aurora displays.


Coronal Hole



Earth is inside a solar wind stream flowing from the indicated coronal hole.

- Space Weather | Solar Ham.




INFRASTRUCTURE COLLAPSE: More Plane Crashes As Effects Of Magnetic Polar Migration Increases - No Injuries In Clermont Plane Crash In Florida; One Person Killed In Plane Crash In Highlands County, Florida; Minor Injuries From Plane Crash At Wheeler Downtown Airport In Kansas And Two Killed In Palm Beach County Plane Crash In Florida!

March 3, 2015 - UNITED STATES - The following constitutes several of latest reports of plane crashes, as the effects of magnetic polar migration continue to wreak havoc on transportation services.


No injuries in Clermont plane crash in Florida

A single-engine plane crashed in a residential area in Clermont Sunday afternoon.

Clermont Police said the owner of the plane said he was attempting to land on his property located behind the 1700 block of Nature Cove Lane when a tail wind caused the pane to continue through a wire fence, then a wood fence.






The plane stopped in the backyard and crashed into a tree, according to a report.

Police say the owner had no injuries, and there was minor damage to the plane.

The Federal Aviation Administration will investigate the crash Monday. - MyFOX Orlando.


One person killed in small plane crash in Highlands County, Florida

One person is dead after a plane crashed in Highlands County.

The small, experimental aircraft crashed in a creek in the Spring Lake Subdivision, near Sebring. Authorities have not released the victim's name at this time.


A small plane crashed in Highlands County on Monday(Photo: Sky 10)




Sky 10 video shows the plane crash is not far from several homes.

The National Transportation Safety Board and Federal Aviation Administration will investigate the cause of the crash.

Initial reports indicated the plane was an ultralight aircraft, but the FAA describes it as an experimental, amateur-made plane. - WTSP.


Plane’s ‘hard lands’ and crash at the Wheeler Downtown Airport in Kansas, causing minor injuries



At least one person suffered minor injuries after an aircraft experienced a “hard landing” Sunday night at Wheeler Downtown Airport.

One of the aircraft’s two occupants suffered a broken arm, said Joe McBride, a Kansas City Aviation Department spokesman.

The Piper single-engine aircraft lost power and went down on the north side of the airport on or near a gravel maintenance road, McBride said.

Kansas City fire and police personnel responded to the accident, which occurred just before 7 p.m.

The aircraft had left an airport near Mosby, Mo., in Clay County and had flown over the Country Club Plaza before its pilot flew to Wheeler airport and practiced a “touch and go” landing, McBride said.

The plane soon lost power and came down north of the airport, coming close to going into the Missouri River, McBride said. Although the aircraft’s landing gear was damaged, the plane did not turn over, he said.

The Federal Aviation Administration probably will investigate the incident, McBride said. - Kansas City.


UPDATE: Two killed in Palm Beach County plane crash in Florida



A single-engine plane crashed in a marshy area within a Palm Beach County wildlife refuge Monday, killing its two passengers and sending rescue workers trudging through knee-high mud and dense brush to reach it.

The victims had not been identified late Monday, and Palm Beach County Sheriff's Office spokeswoman Teri Barbera said authorities did not immediately know their genders.

Rescuers had to navigate the Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge's inhospitable conditions, west of U.S. 441 about 1.5 miles north of the docks off Lee Road, to reach the wreckage and pull the bodies from it.

According to the Federal Aviation Administration, the aircraft took off from the Palm Beach County Park — also known as the Lantana Airport — a general aviation facility west of Lantana. It was charred in the crash, which happened just before 1 p.m.

Investigators had not determined its type or registration number by the end of the day.

Ron Bradshaw, who was fishing for bass in the 145,800-acre park on Monday, said he heard a "whirring" sound before the plane went down, but didn't see it happen.

"I heard the props go 'whiiiirrrrrrr' and then it must have nose-dived in," he said. "And boom, that was it."

From the crash site about a mile away, Bradshaw could see smoke billowing. He said he was the first one there and ran up a levee to try to help, but was stopped by the thick mud and a wall of cattails.

"There was nothing I could do," Bradshaw said. "Because I couldn't get to it."

One of the wings of the plane had been torn off and was lying about 20 feet away from its body, he said. He looked for possible survivors in the area but didn't see any. And he called 911, struggling to describe the location because it was "the middle of nowhere."

Help arrived in force. First responders came from the Sheriff's Office, Palm Beach County Fire Rescue and the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission. Helicopters flew overhead and fire trucks and patrol cars streamed into the park.

Juanita Longwell watched them pull in from a dock she was sitting at within the refuge, where she came for a visit while on vacation from Spencer, Mass.

"You name it, it went in there," she said. "We didn't see anything except all the rescue things going in."

Firefighters used airboats and the ladder of a fire engine to reach the burned wreckage, which they sprayed down with a hose.

It was not the first time a plane crashed in the wildlife refuge. In 2013, a man flying from the Fort Lauderdale Executive Airport to the Leesburg International Airport died after his plane crashed in it.

And in 2011, two men on their way from the Stuart Air Show to the North Palm Beach County General Aviation Airport met the same fate.

The circumstances of Monday's crash were not known by the end of the day. The Federal Aviation Administration is investigating and the National Transportation Safety Board will determine the cause. - Sun Sentinel.



PLANETARY TREMORS: Powerful 6.4 Magnitude Earthquake Strikes Off West Indonesia - No Tsunami Warning, No Injuries Or Damage!

USGS earthquake location

March 3, 2015 - INDONESIA
- A powerful 6.4-magnitude undersea earthquake has struck western Indonesia, the US Geological Survey says, but there was no tsunami alert and no immediate reports of casualties or damage.

The quake hit at a depth of 37 kilometres at 5.37pm (2137 AEDT) on Tuesday close to Pulau Siberut, part of the Mentawai Islands, off the west coast of vast Sumatra island, said the USGS.

An official from Indonesia's meteorological, geophysics and climatology agency Benny, who like many Indonesians goes by one name, said that there was no potential for a tsunami.


USGS shakemap intensity

The quake was felt in several cities in West Sumatra province, including the provincial capital Padang, but there were no reports of damage, he said.

Indonesia sits on the Pacific 'Ring of Fire' where continental plates collide, causing frequent seismic and volcanic activity.

A huge undersea quake in 2004 triggered a tsunami that killed more than 170,000 people in Aceh province, on western Sumatra island, and tens of thousands more in other countries with coasts on the Indian Ocean. - SKY News.


Tectonic Summary - Seismotectonics of the Sumatra Region

The plate boundary southwest of Sumatra is part of a long tectonic collision zone that extends over 8000 km from Papua in the east to the Himalayan front in the west. The Sumatra-Andaman portion of the collision zone forms a subduction zone megathrust plate boundary, the Sunda-Java trench, which accommodates convergence between the Indo-Australia and Sunda plates. This convergence is responsible for the intense seismicity and volcanism in Sumatra. The Sumatra Fault, a major transform structure that bisects Sumatra, accommodates the northwest-increasing lateral component of relative plate motion.

Relative plate motion between the Indo-Australia and Sunda plates is rapid, decreasing from roughly 63 mm/year near the southern tip of Sumatra (Australia relative to Sunda) to 44 mm/year north of Andaman Islands (India relative to Sunda) and rotating counterclockwise to the northwest, so that relative motion near Jakarta is nearly trench-normal but becomes nearly trench-parallel near Myanmar. As a result of the rotation in relative motion along the strike of the arc and the interaction of multiple tectonic plates, several interrelated tectonic elements compose the Sumatra-Andaman plate boundary. Most strain accumulation and release occurs along the Sunda megathrust of the main subduction zone, where lithosphere of the subducting Indo-Australia plate is in contact with the overlying Sunda plate down to a depth of 60 km. Strain release associated with deformation within the subducting slab is evidenced by deeper earthquakes that extend to depths of less than 300 km on Sumatra and 150 km or less along the Andaman Islands. The increasingly oblique convergence between these two plates moving northwest along the arc is accommodated by crustal seismicity along a series of transform and normal faults. East of the Andaman Islands, back- arc spreading in the Andaman Sea produces a zone of distributed normal and strike-slip faulting. Similar to the Sumatran Fault, the Sagaing Fault near Myanmar also accommodates the strike-slip component of oblique plate motion. Plate-boundary related deformation is also not restricted to the subduction zone and overriding plate: the subducting Indo-Australian plate actually comprises two somewhat independent plates (India and Australia), with small amounts of motion relative to one another, that are joined along a broad, actively-deforming region producing seismicity up to several hundred kilometers west of the trench. This deformation is exemplified by the recent April 2012 earthquake sequence, which includes the April 11 M 8.6 and M 8.2 strike-slip events and their subsequent aftershocks.


USGS plate tectonics for the region

Paleoseismic studies using coral reefs as a proxy for relative land level changes associated with earthquake displacement suggest that the Sunda arc has repeatedly ruptured during relatively large events in the past, with records extending as far back as the 10th century. In northern Simeulue Island, the southern terminus of the 2004 megathrust earthquake rupture area, a cluster of megathrust earthquakes occurred over a 56 year period between A.D. 1390 and 1455, resulting in uplift substantially greater than that caused by the 2004 event. Studies that look at large sheeted deposits of sand on land interpreted as the transport of debris from a tsunami wave also indicate that this region has experienced significant tsunamis in the past centuries, albeit infrequently.

Prior to 2004, the most recent megathrust earthquakes along the Sumatran-Andaman plate boundary were in 1797 (M 8.7-8.9), 1833 (M 8.9-9.1) and 1861 (M8.5). Since 2004, much of the Sunda megathrust between the northern Andaman Islands and Enggano Island, a distance of more than 2,000 km, has ruptured in a series of large subduction zone earthquakes - most rupturing the plate boundary south of Banda Aceh. The great M 9.1 earthquake of December 26, 2004, which produced a devastating tsunami, ruptured much of the boundary between Myanmar and Simeulue Island offshore Banda Aceh. Immediately to the south of the great 2004 earthquake, the M 8.6 Nias Island earthquake of March 28, 2005 ruptured a 400-km section between Simeulue and the Batu Islands. Farther south in the Mentawai islands, two earthquakes on September 12, 2007 of M 8.5 and M 7.9 occurred in the southern portion of the estimated 1797 and 1833 ruptures zone, which extends from approximately Enggano Island to the northern portion of Siberut Island. Smaller earthquakes have also been locally important: a M 7.6 rupture within the subducting plate caused considerable damage in Padang in 2009, and a M 7.8 rupture on October 25, 2010 occurred on the shallow portion of the megathrust to the west of the Mentawai Islands, and caused a substantial tsunami on the west coast of those islands.

In addition to the current seismic hazards along this portion of the Sunda arc, this region is also recognized as having one of the highest volcanic hazards in the world. One of the most dramatic eruptions in human history was the Krakatau eruption on August 26-27, 1883, a volcano just to the southeast of the island of Sumatra, which resulted in over 35, 000 casualties.

Subduction and seismicity along the plate boundary adjacent to Java is fundamentally different from that of the Sumatran-Andaman section. Relative motion along the Java arc is trench-normal (approximately 65-70 mm/year) and does not exhibit the same strain partitioning and back-arc strike- slip faulting that are observed along the Sumatra margin. Neither has the Java subduction zone hosted similar large magnitude megathrust events to those of its neighbor, at least in documented history. Although this region is not as seismically active as the Sumatra region, the Java arc has hosted low to intermediate-magnitude extensional earthquakes and deep-focus (300-700 km) events and exhibits a similar if not higher volcanic hazard. This arc has also hosted two large, shallow tsunami earthquakes in the recent past which resulted in high tsunami run-ups along the southern Java coast.
- USGS.




DISASTER PRECURSORS: Omen – The Latest Incidents Of Strange Animal Behavior, Mass Animal Die-Offs, Appearance Of Rare Creatures And Warnings From Mother Nature!

March 3, 2015 - EARTH - The following constitutes the latest reports of unusual and symbolic animal behavior, mass die-offs, beaching and stranding of mammals, and the appearance of rare creatures.


Hundreds of dead fish found in Columbia River in Portland, United States

Dead fish on Sauvie Island beaches caused people to wonder what was happening. These are smelt that have washed ashore after spawning recently,
seen along the shore of the Columbia River on Sauvie Island on March 2, 2015. Mike Zacchino/Staff


Residents of North Portland's Bridgeton neighborhood along the Columbia River reported waking to a disturbing sight Sunday.

Heide Island, who lives in a floating home on the river, said she took her dogs for a walk about 8:30 a.m. and found hundreds of dead fish at the water's edge.

The fish, which bore the appearance of baby salmon, were floating on the water and covering the beach, she said. In her seven years in the neighborhood, Island said, she'd never seen something like this.

Jessica Sall, a spokeswoman for the state Department of Fish and Wildlife, said the deaths were likely natural: an influx of smelt, a small fish, that dies after spawning.






"We've had a good run of smelt coming into the river," she said.

Because there was no immediate cause for concern, the department had not sent a biologist to the scene, Sall said.

In the continental U.S., most smelt come from the Columbia River Basin, says the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

WATCH: Countless smelt washed ashore along the Columbia River on Sauvie Island after spawning, March 2, 2015.


They spend a handful of years in saltwater before returning to freshwater to spawn from late winter and into spring, and most adults perish after spawning.

Sall could not say why the fish were seen in droves at this part of the river, but she said the deaths did not seem unusual.The river patrol division of the Multnomah County Sheriff's Office agreed that a smelt die-off was the likely explanation. - Oregon Live.


3 dead sperm whales wash ashore within 3 days in Tamil Nadu, India

An adult male sperm whale stranded at Uyali Kuppam near Kalpakkam on Sunday.  © M. Karunakaran


The washing ashore of three sperm whales in the last three days has taken fishermen and marine researchers along the east coast by surprise.

While the first dead whale was found near Puducherry on Friday, a second carcass was located at Alambaraikuppam near Marakkanam on Saturday with the third being found at Uyyalikuppam near Kalpakkam on Sunday.

The stranded whale at Uyyalikuppam was a male measuring 50 feet in length and weighing nearly 4 tonnes. The carcass found on Saturday at Alambaraikuppam was that of a female sperm whale which measured 35 feet and weighed nearly 3 tonnes. Both died of injuries suffered on the tail after getting entangled in large nets near the sea surface, said researchers.

Supraja Dharini of TREE Foundation, who visited Uyyalikuppam village, said the flipper of the dead whale was 52 inches long and 30 inches wide, the short dorsal fin was two feet wide -- measurements which indicate that it was full grown adult male. The carcass, which bore superficial injuries, had begun to decompose badly when washed ashore. Oil globules were found all over the dorsal side of the body, she said.

S Venkataraman, director, Zoological Survey of India (ZSI), told TOI that often earthquakes under the sea could disorient these deep sea mammals forcing them to move towards the sea surface where they could have swum into nets and died. With its large population of squids and flow of water currents, the Bay of Bengal region is believed to be a breeding ground for sperm whales though no proper study has been done on this, he said.

But P Dhandapani, formerly with ZSI, suspected the death due to infighting between the older mammals and the young ones. "Certain aspects of the whale's behaviour have not been observed and recorded so far. So it would be difficult to ascertain the exact cause of death," he said.

Sperm whales are one of the biggest and powerful aquatic mammals with a close and complex social structure. They can dive up to 2,000 metres and can hold their breath for two hours. Due to their deep diving capabilities, they frequently hunt giant squids. Spermaceti, an oily substance found in large quantities inside the mammal's head, was used to make candles in the 18th and 19th centuries. Ambergris, another substance, was used to make perfumes. Extraction of both are banned now. - The Times of India.


Family pit bull severely mauls woman in Pinole, California

A family pet


A Pinole woman was being treated for life-threatening injuries Sunday after she was attacked and mauled by the family's pet pit bull, investigators said.

The 40-year-old resident was attacked inside the home on Silverado Drive, in the Pinole Valley area shortly before 10 a.m. and bitten on her legs, arms and face. Pinole police were able to secure the animal in the back yard before Pinole Fire Department paramedics administered "advanced life support" treatment.

The woman's wounds were so severe that she had to be flown by helicopter to the trauma center at John Muir Medical Center in Walnut Creek, said Steve Akre, the Pinole Fire battalion chief. He said there was a male resident inside the home at the time of the attack, but he was not injured.

"It's a tragedy for all involved," said Akre, who did not know what prompted the attack. "Our understanding is that the dog was a family pet that lived at the home with the victim."
The woman, whose name was not released, was being treated at John Muir on Sunday night for lacerations to her face, both arms and both legs, Akre said.

The dog was brought to Contra Costa County Animal Services. - San Francisco Gate.


Hundreds of hibernating snakes disturbed by construction workers in Delta, British Columbia

Garter snakes. © Paul Steeves


Close to 500 garter snakes are getting settled in a new winter home, after their hibernation den was disturbed by construction in Delta, B.C.

Residents alerted crews reinforcing the dike near Beach Grove this week that there was a ball of sleeping snakes under some rocks, reported The Vancouver Sun.

Biologists were called in to rescue the serpents, who were then brought to the Wildlife Rescue Association of B.C. (WRA), said the group's Facebook page.

The snakes are cozy in groups of 20 in plastic tubs with damp wood shavings and a dish of distilled water, said the WRA. During hibernation, known as brumation, snakes drop their body temperature so they don't have to use much energy.

"We don't have to feed them ... they just need to be kept cool and they should be happy in the tubs," WRA spokeswoman Yolanda Brooks told the Sun.

The serpents will be released back into their habitat around April.

The rescue centre only sees one or two snakes every year, but Janelle VanderBeek of the WRA told CBC: "They are actually really cute for snakes. - Huffington Post.


Oil storage tank leak near Yakima River in Washington State poses threat to animals and crops

Investigators are still trying to figure out what caused a storage tank to leak in Yakima River on Sunday. © Washington Department of Ecology


As much as 1,500 gallons of used motor oil leaked from an above-ground storage tank in Washington state into a creek that flows into the Yakima River, vital to the apple-growing state's agricultural hub, officials said on Monday.

The cause of the spill on Sunday from the tank at a former feed lot near Sunnyside, about 170 miles southeast of Seattle, was under investigation.

Department of Ecology spokeswoman Joye Redfield-Wilder said the oil posed a threat to otters, waterfowl and fish as well as orchards and other crops in the area.

"In a couple of weeks, the canals will all be full and (farmers) will be watering their crops and their orchards, so we want to get this cleaned up," Redfield-Wilder said.

The Washington state Department of Ecology said its workers installed absorbent pads and protective booms at several sites, including about 900 feet upstream of the mouth of Sulphur Creek and at a fish hatchery on the Yakima River after Sunday's spill.

The slick could be seen in the water as far as 15 miles southeast of Sunnyside, the state said on Monday.

NRC Environmental Services, which the state hired to handle the cleanup, was using vacuum trucks to remove oil.

The Yakima River is an important water source for farm irrigation in south central Washington state. It is also a renowned trout fishing river. - Reuters.


Mass die off of fish and reptiles due to burst fuel pipe in Tabasco, Mexico

A week after the explosion rollover pipe, operations coordinator of the Institute of Civil Protection, recognized that the fire
and spill caused indirect and consequential damage. Photo: Reform


The spilled thousands of gallons of jet fuel explosion left a pipe Simsa Group company, on Saturday, sparking death of fish and turtles in an area of ​​two hectares covered by the Laguna El Camarón Ecological Park and an area of ​​bulrushes surrounding.

In one documented by the newspaper Reforma in the disaster area at the beginning of the federal Villahermosa Escárcega (Campeche) road, two kilometers from the city, travel iridescence fuel was found in the lagoon, hundreds of fish of the species castarrica
snakes dead and charred between contaminated water.

The day of the accident, the attention of the State Civil Protection focused on controlling the fire, which delayed nearly two hours, and rescue the driver dual pipe remoque, carrying 67,000 liters of jet fuel.


However, a week before the explosion rollover pipe, Manuel Alarcon, operations coordinator of the Institute of Civil Protection, recognized that the fire and jet fuel spill caused many indirect and consequential damage.


Alarcón said that aside from the expertise of federal transit, the day after the accident, established communication with Simsa and its insurer, which undertook to respond attention to contingency, and assessing and repairing environmental damage through
two private companies.

"The jet fuel was dammed in two bodies of water, which were affected in its ecosystem, first by the fire that burned the vegetation consists of bulrushes and then by pollution, which caused fish kills, as castarrica, and turtles, as
pochitoques, Guaos, snakes and iguanas, "said David Silva Castillo, chief of brigade Nouvotek.

"As far we have come in the work of delimitation of damage caused by the explosion, keep finding dead species and other still alive," said Silva.


Alarcon said that to avoid an increased risk of contamination of jet fuel, at a lower area adjacent to the lagoon, was closed sewer water passing beneath the federal highway.


He warned that both the report's attention to contingency by Nouvotek, as the results of an audit entrusted to another private company, will join the investigations conducted by the Federal Attorney for Environmental Protection (Profepa).


"The insurer is Simsa which will cover all costs of care to contingency, and potential environmental penalties to be imposed on the conveyor by this explosion," said Silva Castillo.
- Terra. [Translated]