Tuesday, September 3, 2013

PLANETARY TREMORS: Powerful 6.5 Earthquake Rocks Alaska's Aleutian Islands - No Tsunami; Third 6.0 Magnitude Tremor Or Over Along The Pacific Ring Of Fire In The Last 6 Hours!

September 03, 2013 - ALASKA - A major earthquake was reported off the coast of Alaska on Wednesday, September 04 at 02:32:33am UTC in the waters off the remote Aleutian Island region, where a major 7.0 quake hit just last week.

The quake took place about 77km from Atka, a hamlet located on the east side of Atka Island, in Aleutians West Census Area, with a depth of 39.9km (24.8miles).


USGS earthquake location.

The USGS placed the earthquake in the highest intensity category, reporting a preliminary magnitude of 6.5

According to NOAA's Pacific Tsunami Warning Center, a "destructive Pacific-wide tsunami" is not expected.

The Associated Press reports that the Alaska Earthquake Information Center says in a statement that the quake was felt strongly in Adak and Atka, and shaking lasted up to one minute.

"We do expect aftershocks to occur in the next few days," USGS geophysicist Jessica Turner said. She indicated that the USGS hasn't had any reports of damage from the quakes.

Alaska sits on the Pacific Ring of Fire,  an area where a large number of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions occur in the basin of the Pacific Ocean. It is associated with a nearly continuous series of oceanic trenches, volcanic arcs, and volcanic belts and/or plate movements. The Ring of Fire has 452 volcanoes and is home to over 75% of the world's active and dormant volcanoes. It is sometimes called the circum-Pacific belt or the circum-Pacific seismic belt.


Google earthquake location.

About 90% of the world's earthquakes and 81% of the world's largest earthquakes occur along the Ring of Fire.

Now, several days ago, a magnitude 7.0 earthquake along with dozens of aftershocks also rattled the remote Aleutian Island region.  The 6.5 quake occurred offshore in the subduction zone where plates of the Earth's crust grind and dive. By contrast, California's most famous fault line, the San Andreas, is a strike-slip fault. Quakes along strike-slip faults tend to move horizontally.


USGS earthquake shakemap intensity.


According to the USGS, the 7.0 earthquake occurred as the result of thrust faulting on or near the subduction zone interface between the Pacific and North America plates. At the location of this event, the Pacific plate moves towards the northwest with respect to North America at a rate of approximately 73 mm/yr, beginning its descent into the mantle at the Aleutian trench approximately 130 km south of the August 30 earthquake. The depth and mechanism of this earthquake are consistent with it occurring along the megathrust interface between these two plates.

This is a developing story, please check back for updates.




Tectonic Summary - Seismotectonics of Alaska.
The Aleutian arc extends approximately 3,000 km from the Gulf of Alaska in the east to the Kamchatka Peninsula in the west. It marks the region where the Pacific plate subducts into the mantle beneath the North America plate. This subduction is responsible for the generation of the Aleutian Islands and the deep offshore Aleutian Trench.

The curvature of the arc results in a westward transition of relative plate motion from trench-normal (i.e., compressional) in the east to trench-parallel (i.e., translational) in the west, accompanied by westward variations in seismic activity, volcanism, and overriding plate composition. The Aleutian arc is generally divided into three regions: the western, central, and eastern Aleutians. Relative to a fixed North America plate, the Pacific plate is moving northwest at a rate that increases from roughly 60 mm/yr at the arc's eastern edge to 76 mm/yr near its western terminus. The eastern Aleutian arc extends from the Alaskan Peninsula in the east to the Fox Islands in the west. Motion along this section of the arc is characterized by arc-perpendicular convergence and Pacific plate subduction beneath thick continental lithosphere. This region exhibits intense volcanic activity and has a history of megathrust earthquakes.


USGS plate tectonics for the region.

The central Aleutian arc extends from the Andreanof Islands in the east to the Rat Islands in the west. Here, motion is characterized by westward-increasing oblique convergence and Pacific plate subduction beneath thin oceanic lithosphere. Along this portion of the arc, the Wadati-Benioff zone is well defined to depths of approximately 200 km. Despite the obliquity of convergence, active volcanism and megathrust earthquakes are also present along this margin.

The western Aleutians, stretching from the western end of the Rat Islands in the east to the Commander Islands, Russia, in the west, is tectonically different from the central and eastern portions of the arc. The increasing component of transform motion between the Pacific and North America plates is evidenced by diminishing active volcanism; the last active volcano is located on Buldir Island, in the far western portion of the Rat Island chain. Additionally, this portion of the subduction zone has not hosted large earthquakes or megathrust events in recorded history. Instead, the largest earthquakes in this region are generally shallow, predominantly strike-slip events with magnitudes between M5-6. Deeper earthquakes do occur, albeit rather scarcely and with small magnitudes (Magnitude less than 4), down to approximately 50 km.

Most of the seismicity along the Aleutian arc results from thrust faulting that occurs along the interface between the Pacific and North America plates, extending from near the base of the trench to depths of 40 to 60 km. Slip along this interface is responsible for generating devastating earthquakes. Deformation also occurs within the subducting slab in the form of intermediate-depth earthquakes that can reach depths of 250 km. Normal faulting events occur in the outer rise region of the Aleutian arc resulting from the bending of the oceanic Pacific plate as it enters the Aleutian trench. Additionally, deformation of the overriding North America plate generates shallow crustal earthquakes.

The Aleutian arc is a seismically active region, evidenced by the many moderate to large earthquakes occurring each year. Since 1900, this region has hosted twelve large earthquakes (Magnitude greater than 7.5) including the May 7, 1986 M8.0 Andreanof Islands, the June 10, 1996 M7.9 Andreanof Islands, and the November 17, 2003 M7.8 Rat Islands earthquakes. Six of these great earthquakes (M8.3 or larger) have occurred along the Aleutian arc that together have ruptured almost the entire shallow megathrust contact. The first of these major earthquakes occurred on August 17, 1906 near the island of Amchitka (M8.3) in the western Aleutian arc. However, unlike the other megathrust earthquakes along the arc, this event is thought to have been an intraplate event occurring in the shallow slab beneath the subduction zone interface.

The first megathrust event along the arc during the 20th century was the November 10, 1938 M8.6 Shumagin Island earthquake. This event ruptured an approximately 300 km long stretch of the arc from the southern end of Kodiak Island to the northern end of the Shumagin Islands and generated a small tsunami that was recorded as far south as Hawaii.

The April 1, 1946 M8.6 Unimak Island earthquake, located in the central Aleutian arc, was characterized by slow rupture followed by a devastating Pacific-wide tsunami that was observed as far south as the shores of Antarctica. Although damage from earthquake shaking was not severe locally, tsunami run-up heights were recorded as high as 42 m on Unimak Island and tsunami waves in Hilo, Hawaii also resulted in casualties. The slow rupture of this event has made it difficult to constrain the focal mechanism and depth of the earthquake, though it is thought to have been an interplate thrust earthquake.

The next megathrust earthquake occurred along the central portion of the Aleutian arc near the Andreanof Islands on March 9, 1957, with a magnitude of M8.6. The rupture length of this event was approximately 1200 km, making it the longest observed aftershock zone of all the historic Aleutian arc events. Although only limited seismic data from this event are still available, significant damage and tsunamis were observed on the islands of Adak and Unimak with tsunami heights of approximately 13 m.

The easternmost megathrust earthquake was the March 28, 1964 M9.2 Prince William Sound earthquake, currently the second largest recorded earthquake in the world. The event had a rupture length of roughly 700 km extending from Prince William Sound in the northeast to the southern end of Kodiak Island in the southwest. Extensive damage was recorded in Kenai, Moose Pass, and Kodiak but significant shaking was felt over a large region of Alaska, parts of western Yukon Territory, and British Columbia, Canada. Property damage was the largest in Anchorage, as a result of both the main shock shaking and the ensuing landslides. This megathrust earthquake also triggered a devastating tsunami that caused damage along the Gulf of Alaska, the West Coast of the United States, and in Hawaii.

The westernmost Aleutians megathrust earthquake followed a year later on February 4, 1965. This M8.7 Rat Islands earthquake was characterized by roughly 600 km of rupture. Although this event is quite large, damage was low owing to the region's remote and sparsely inhabited location. A relatively small tsunami was recorded throughout the Pacific Ocean with run-up heights up to 10.7 m on Shemya Island and flooding on Amchitka Island.

Although the Aleutian arc is highly active, seismicity is rather discontinuous, with two regions that have not experienced a large (Magnitude greater than 8.0) earthquake in the past century: the Commander Islands in the western Aleutians and the Shumagin Islands in the east. Due to the dominantly transform motion along the western arc, there is potential that the Commander Islands will rupture in a moderate to large strike-slip earthquake in the future. The Shumagin Islands region may also have high potential for hosting a large rupture in the future, though it has been suggested that little strain is being accumulated along this section of the subduction zone, and thus associated hazards may be reduced.

East of the Aleutian arc along the Gulf of Alaska, crustal earthquakes occur as a result transmitted deformation and stress associated with the northwestward convergence of the Pacific plate that collides a block of oceanic and continental material into the North America plate. In 2002, the Denali Fault ruptured in a sequence of earthquakes that commenced with the October 23 M6.7 Nenana Mountain right-lateral strike-slip earthquake and culminated with the November 3, M7.9 Denali earthquake which started as a thrust earthquake along a then unrecognized fault and continued with a larger right-lateral strike-slip event along the Denali and Totschunda Faults. - USGS.





PLANETARY TREMORS: Powerful 6.5 Magnitude Earthquake Rocks Japan - No Tsunami Warning; No Damage Seen At Fukushima; Residents In Tokyo Report Long, Rumbling That Shook Buildings!

September 03, 2013 - JAPAN - A strong 6.5 magnitude earthquake hit eastern Japan on Wednesday, the US Geological Survey said, but local authorities said there was no risk of a tsunami.

The quake struck at 0018 GMT at a depth of 404 kilometres (251 miles), the USGS said.


USGS earthquake location.

"The epicentre is in the Pacific, hundreds of kilometres (miles) south of Tokyo. We see no risk of a tsunami," a spokesman for the Japanese weather agency said.

Fukushima operator TEPCO reported there were no new problems at the stricken nuclear plant.

The quake, measured at 6.9 by Japanese seismologists, was centred on a spot more than 600 kilometres south of Tokyo, the USGS said.

Twitter users report Japan quake:




AFP journalists in the Japanese capital reported feeling a long, rumbling quake that shook buildings. They said it was the largest they had felt in the quake-prone city for some time.

A spokesman for Tokyo Electric Power said the earthquake did not cause any additional damage at Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant, the site of the worst nuclear accident in a generation where radioactive waste water has been leaking into the Pacific Ocean.


USGS earthquake shakemap intensity.

"We have confirmed that there was no immediate abnormality," according to data collected by monitoring equipment, a TEPCO spokesman said, adding that crews will patrol the crippled plant's vast campus to survey whether any physical damage has been caused.

A series of leaks of radioactive water at the nuclear plant has left TEPCO on the back foot in recent months.

On Tuesday the Japanese government announced it was stepping in with 47 billion yen ($470 million) of public money to build a wall of ice underneath the plant to prevent polluted water seeping out into the sea. - Channel News Asia.




Tectonic Summary - Seismotectonics of the Philippine Sea and Vicinity.
The Philippine Sea plate is bordered by the larger Pacific and Eurasia plates and the smaller Sunda plate. The Philippine Sea plate is unusual in that its borders are nearly all zones of plate convergence. The Pacific plate is subducted into the mantle, south of Japan, beneath the Izu-Bonin and Mariana island arcs, which extend more than 3,000 km along the eastern margin of the Philippine Sea plate. This subduction zone is characterized by rapid plate convergence and high-level seismicity extending to depths of over 600 km. In spite of this extensive zone of plate convergence, the plate interface has been associated with few great (Magnitude greater than 8.0) ‘megathrust’ earthquakes. This low seismic energy release is thought to result from weak coupling along the plate interface (Scholz and Campos, 1995). These convergent plate margins are also associated with unusual zones of back-arc extension (along with resulting seismic activity) that decouple the volcanic island arcs from the remainder of the Philippine Sea Plate (Karig et al., 1978; Klaus et al., 1992).

South of the Mariana arc, the Pacific plate is subducted beneath the Yap Islands along the Yap trench. The long zone of Pacific plate subduction at the eastern margin of the Philippine Sea Plate is responsible for the generation of the deep Izu-Bonin, Mariana, and Yap trenches as well as parallel chains of islands and volcanoes, typical of circum-pacific island arcs. Similarly, the northwestern margin of the Philippine Sea plate is subducting beneath the Eurasia plate along a convergent zone, extending from southern Honshu to the northeastern coast of Taiwan, manifested by the Ryukyu Islands and the Nansei-Shoto (Ryukyu) trench. The Ryukyu Subduction Zone is associated with a similar zone of back-arc extension, the Okinawa Trough. At Taiwan, the plate boundary is characterized by a zone of arc-continent collision, whereby the northern end of the Luzon island arc is colliding with the buoyant crust of the Eurasia continental margin offshore China.


USGS plate tectonics for the region.

Along its western margin, the Philippine Sea plate is associated with a zone of oblique convergence with the Sunda Plate. This highly active convergent plate boundary extends along both sides the Philippine Islands, from Luzon in the north to the Celebes Islands in the south. The tectonic setting of the Philippines is unusual in several respects: it is characterized by opposite-facing subduction systems on its east and west sides; the archipelago is cut by a major transform fault, the Philippine Fault; and the arc complex itself is marked by active volcanism, faulting, and high seismic activity. Subduction of the Philippine Sea Plate occurs at the eastern margin of the archipelago along the Philippine Trench and its northern extension, the East Luzon Trough. The East Luzon Trough is thought to be an unusual example of a subduction zone in the process of formation, as the Philippine Trench system gradually extends northward (Hamburger et al., 1983). On the west side of Luzon, the Sunda Plate subducts eastward along a series of trenches, including the Manila Trench in the north, the smaller less well-developed Negros Trench in the central Philippines, and the Sulu and Cotabato trenches in the south (Cardwell et al., 1980). At its northern and southern terminations, subduction at the Manila Trench is interrupted by arc-continent collision, between the northern Philippine arc and the Eurasian continental margin at Taiwan and between the Sulu-Borneo Block and Luzon at the island of Mindoro. The Philippine fault, which extends over 1,200 km within the Philippine arc, is seismically active. The fault has been associated with major historical earthquakes, including the destructive M7.6 Luzon earthquake of 1990 (Yoshida and Abe, 1992). A number of other active intra-arc fault systems are associated with high seismic activity, including the Cotabato Fault and the Verde Passage-Sibuyan Sea Fault (Galgana et al., 2007).

Relative plate motion vectors near the Philippines (about 80 mm/yr) is oblique to the plate boundary along the two plate margins of central Luzon, where it is partitioned into orthogonal plate convergence along the trenches and nearly pure translational motion along the Philippine Fault (Barrier et al., 1991). Profiles B and C reveal evidence of opposing inclined seismic zones at intermediate depths (roughly 70-300 km) and complex tectonics at the surface along the Philippine Fault.

Several relevant tectonic elements, plate boundaries and active volcanoes, provide a context for the seismicity presented on the main map. The plate boundaries are most accurate along the axis of the trenches and more diffuse or speculative in the South China Sea and Lesser Sunda Islands. The active volcanic arcs (Siebert and Simkin, 2002) follow the Izu, Volcano, Mariana, and Ryukyu island chains and the main Philippine islands parallel to the Manila, Negros, Cotabato, and Philippine trenches.

Seismic activity along the boundaries of the Philippine Sea Plate (Allen et al., 2009) has produced 7 great (Magnitude greater than 8.0) earthquakes and 250 large (Magnitude greater than 7) events. Among the most destructive events were the 1923 Kanto, the 1948 Fukui and the 1995 Kobe (Japan) earthquakes (99,000, 5,100, and 6,400 casualties, respectively), the 1935 and the 1999 Chi-Chi (Taiwan) earthquakes (3,300 and 2,500 casualties, respectively), and the 1976 M7.6 Moro Gulf and 1990 M7.6 Luzon (Philippines) earthquakes (7,100 and 2,400 casualties, respectively). There have also been a number of tsunami-generating events in the region, including the Moro Gulf earthquake, whose tsunami resulted in more than 5000 deaths. - USGS.




GEOLOGICAL UPHEAVAL: Tracking Developments At The Giant Louisiana Sinkhole - Assumption Parish Residents Spur Louisiana Highway 70 Realignment Plans Due To Fears About The Sinkhole, Divided On Where To Build Detour Routes If Highway Is Closed!

September 03, 2013 - UNITED STATES - In Assumption Parish, you “make the round,” as people here say, only if you must.

The “round” is the long, long way between Pierre Part and Napoleonville when La. 70 is closed in the wrong spot.


Advocate staff photo by Heather McClelland - Lousiana 70, far left in the photo taken in December, is 1,100
feet north of the growing, now 25-acre sinkhole between the Grand Bayou and Bayou Corne
communities in Assumption Parish. State highway officials are studying a detour and a
separate bypass away from the sinkhole.


Drivers can spend an hour and a half or more heading north through White Castle and Bayou Pigeon or south through Morgan City to travel between the two communities, just 19 miles apart through La. 70.

The more than year-old, growing sinkhole just south of La. 70 in the Bayou Corne area has raised worries about subsidence that could cut off La. 70 in just the wrong place. Commuters and school buses would be forced to make the time-consuming round, some fear.

School Board member Jessica Ourso, who represents the Pierre Part area, said the thought of what could happen on La. 70 and of school children passing the sinkhole daily gives her pause.

“I cringe every time I pass there, I kid you not,” she said.

In response, the state Department of Transportation and Development is in the early stages of a two-tiered planning process for a northern alternative: a temporary detour that could be built quickly in the event of a sudden failure, and then a more-permanent bypass.

The reception to the proposals — unveiled last month at a DOTD community meeting attended by 33 residents — has been divided.

Some, like Ourso, want a proposed four-mile-long bypass farthest from the sinkhole built right away, while others, including business people on La. 70, are wary of that route and favor a shorter temporary detour.

“We are examining both options because we do not know what, if any, impacts there will be from the sinkhole to infrastructure in the area,” Dustin Annison, DOTD spokesman, said in an email.




No cost estimates or time lines are yet available, he said. Annison added that any new route “would only be built if it were necessary to close La. 70.”

The northern edge of the sinkhole is 1,100 feet from the highway, parish officials said, and the sinkhole has been growing southward, away from La. 70.

Annison said ongoing monitoring of La. 70 and its bridges shows they are not subsiding.

But sitting in a front-porch chair last week at his home in Pierre Part off La. 70, Herman Mabile, 75, said DOTD needs to build the longer route soon.

“You’re getting away from all the mess right here,” Mabile said, pointing to the sinkhole on a map with the proposed routes.

“That mess right there, you can’t control it. There’s no way they can control that hole right there.”

Known as Alignment 1, the route Mabile prefers would tie La. 70 to La. 69 near its intersection with La. 996 along a looping path through the swamp. The bypass would start from a point on La. 70 west of the Bayou Corne area.

But at Action Industries on La. 70 past Bayou Corne, Alternative 1 and two other two-mile-long bypass routes drew skepticism.

Some workers at the facility, which houses several businesses under one roof, would have to take the longer detour to work every day.

Roy LeBlanc Jr., manager of Shelby Gaudet Contractor Inc., said the company’s bread and butter is work for salt dome operators along La. 70. Alignment 1 would be a problem, he said.


Advocate staff photo by David J. Mitchell. Sport utility vehicles and pickups pass on Louisiana 70
through the Bayou Corne community August 27 as protest signs remind drivers of the more than
year-long evacuation of residents and of the gas trapped under the area due to a nearby 25-acre
sinkhole. State highway officials are studying detour and bypass routes north of Louisiana 70 in
case the sinkhole south of the highway forces its closure.

“If you couldn’t pass there (La. 70), it would be difficult,” he said.

LeBlanc said he prefers the shorter detour route, if anything, and doubts Alignment 1 would be built because, he said, DOTD does not have the funding.

“I don’t see it happening,” he said.

Two one-mile-long detour routes are proposed and each detour would veer just north off La. 70 near Gumbo Street in the Bayou Corne area and parallel the highway until meeting La. 69.

Police Jury President Martin “Marty” Triche said the temporary detour seems to be the most practical way to keep traffic flowing, but he has heard constituent concerns about the permanent routes cutting off Bayou Corne and businesses.

“I am kind of like them (DOTD officials), sitting, looking and evaluating all the options,” he said.

Annison said DOTD is spending $735,000 for the ongoing feasibility study, which is expected to be finished later this month. DOTD also has a $400,000 environmental analysis under way that should be finished in the spring.


WATCH: Latest Flyover Video - September 3, 2013.





He said the state would pursue Texas Brine Co. of Houston, the owner of the failed salt dome cavern suspected of causing the sinkhole, for construction funding if needed.

Sonny Cranch, Texas Brine spokesman, said the company is focused on containing the sinkhole and removing natural gas caught in an aquifer under the community. The company is also buying out some evacuated Bayou Corne residents. As of mid-Friday, 29 of the 64 buyout settlements reached had been closed, he said.

“The issue of the re-route is something that we will address at the appropriate time,” Cranch said.

Phil Daigle, 47, a Pierre Part native and a pharmacist who works in Baton Rouge and Gonzales, said adding even 10 minutes to his commute is significant. He said the Alignment 1 bypass is not something he would favor, but maybe the detour.

Still, Daigle, whose brother evacuated from Bayou Corne, said video of the sinkhole swallowing cypress trees last month in less than a minute “hit home.”

“The video made me look at it (the sinkhole) differently, definitely differently,” he said. “Seeing them trees being sucked under, it just makes me look at it, you know, how far can it go.” - The Advocate.







EXTREME WEATHER: Hundreds Of California Cattle Feared Hurt, Dead As Massive Rim Fire Scorches Region - Spans 368 SQUARE MILES Or 235,841 ACRES; Grows By 3,000 Acres PER HOUR; 70 Percent Contained!

September 03, 2013 - UNITED STATES - The monstrous California wildfire that has scorched an area larger than New York City doesn't just loom over hundreds of homes — it's also threatening one of the cornerstones of the regional economy: cattle.

Many of the thousands of grass-fed cows who have grazed on lush land in the Stanislaus National Forest — where the massive fire sparked Aug. 17 — are now feared displaced, injured or dead, according to the San Francisco Chronicle.


The Rim Fire has scorched hundreds of square miles near Yosemite National Park.
Jae C. Hong / AP

As ranch hands deal with their potentially decimated stock — and with the future of grazing in the forest area unclear — the regional cattle industry may take a big hit, according to the newspaper.

"They go out every day, gathering the cows they can find, the ones that have made it into the green areas," Susan Forbes, a national forest staffer, told the Chronicle. "They're finding pockets of livestock and concentrating on removing them as fast as they can."

Forbes told the newspaper that the blaze devastated 12 of 36 grazing grounds in the park. Herds of cattle are now scattered over thousands of acres — making evacuation efforts a huge challenge.

The Golden State accounts for 7.4 percent of the U.S. national revenue for livestock and livestock products. It's also the number one state in cash farm receipts, making up 11.6 percent of the U.S. total, according to the California Department of Food and Agriculture.

Cattle and calves were California's fifth leading commodity two years ago, according to CDFA data.

Meanwhile, crews battling the so-called Rim Fire made significant gains over Sunday night and throughout Monday, officials said.

The fire was 70 percent contained Monday night, a jump from 45 percent Sunday night, according to the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection.

On Monday, crews made progress by conducting burnout operations and slowed the progress of the flames from firefighting aircraft, according to a fire incident report.

”Last night is when it all really tied together,” Andrea Capps, spokeswoman for the Rim Fire command center, told Reuters. “It’s looking really good over there right now. They’re calling that containment line secure.”

And yet despite the boost in containment, Capps said analysts estimate it could take until Sept. 20 to fully contain the Rim Fire, according to Reuters.


WATCH: Firefighters continue to labor against the blaze known as the "Rim Fire." It is growing as much as 3,000 acres an hour and now covers 200,000 acres. NBC's Miguel Almaguer reports.



“The majority of the containment lines will probably be really strong by the middle, end of this week, but they just want to give themselves enough time to make sure it’s fully contained,” Capps told the wire service.

Dan Bastion, a spokesman for the multiagency fire management team said cooler temperatures and higher humidity allowed crews to get an advantage on the fire overnight. “Rain is good,” Capps said, “but the winds that come with the pressure changes with the thunderstorms could lead to some unpredictable (fire) behavior.”

The so-called Rim Fire now spans over 368 square miles, or 235,841 acres, making it the fourth-largest blaze in modern California history. It surpasses a 1932 fire in Ventura County, according to officials.

The fire threatens some 4,500 homes, although many of those structures are "not in imminent danger," Bastion said. Some 11 residences have already burned down, according to the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection.

Authorities are investigating the cause of the blaze, but the possibility that it was started by an illegal marijuana growing operation was recently raised by a fire chief in Tuolomne County. - NBC News.



PLANETARY TREMORS: Powerful 6.0 Magnitude Earthquake Strikes West Of Bella Bella, Canada!

September 03, 2013 - CANADA - A 6.0 Canada earthquake today 2013 has struck west of Bella Bella. The Canada earthquake today September 3, 2013 began within the hour. No injuries have yet to be indicated by local news.


USGS earthquake location.

USGS earthquake location.


Officials tell new that a 6.0 magnitude Canada earthquake today 2013 began just after 3:11 PM local time. The quake, however, was centered out to sea. It began, however, with no depth. USGS indicates to news that the Canada earthquake started 0.6 miles below sea level. As a result the quake was felt to the east.

USGS indicates to news that the Canada earthquake began one hundred nineteen miles west of Bella Bella. The quake as roughly two hundred miles south of Prince Rupbert and west of the Campbell River. The quake was about four hundred miles northwest of Victoria and three hundred miles west of Terrace.


USGS earthquake shakemap intensity.



In May another quake struck the country. That quake was sixteen miles northeast of Shawville. It started thirty-five miles east of Pembroke, forty miles northwest of Gatineau. Officials also tell news that the quake was forty-three miles northwest of Ottawa and forty-six miles east of Petawawa. In January, an Alaska earthquake was across sections of Canada. The quake as also one hundred seventy-nine miles west of Prince Rupert, Canada. - LALATE.





DELUGE: Flash Flooding Displaces The Cranston Apartment Tenants, Strand Motorists In Rhode Island - Wiped Out The Lower Levels Of Two Different Buildings; Many Had To Be Evacuated By Boat; Most Lost Everything!

September 03, 2013 - UNITED STATES - Several inches of rain fell hard and fast in Cranston, Rhode Island Monday, triggering flash floods that wiped out the lower levels of two different buildings within the Dean Estates Luxury Apartments complex.

Those who were home when the water flooded through say they only narrowly escaped with their lives.


Residents said it was as if a wall of water came through their building, filling the first-floor units
so quickly that the water was up past their waists as they rushed to get out.
Frieda Squires/Journal Staff Photographer

“The basement apartments were flooded out. They were up to the ceiling in no time. It was a touch and go situation for a little while here, so the guys did a great job. These people were scared, and they should have been scared. It was quite the scene when we showed up. We’ve seen a lot of floods and this was something,” said Cranston Deputy Fire Chief Paul Valletta.

About 30 residents took refuge on the floor above, and had to be evacuated by boat. Most people on the lower levels lost everything.

“The couch was floating, my bed was floating, everything is just floating around. And I had things packed because I was supposed to be moving tomorrow, but apparently we’re not taking anything with us now so,” said resident Stephanie Mendez.

Julie England says she just barely made it out of her basement unit alive with her 4-year-old daughter, her elderly mother, her fiance and her brother who was just home from serving in the U.S. military in Korea.

“And we were walking out, well dragging our feet in water and I’m like holding onto her like this, and the water is just getting deeper and deeper, and then the couch starts to move in front of her and I’m like trying to keep the couch to the side and my fiancé is behind me trying and then we got her out the doorway and it took what seemed like ages,” said England.


Thirty residents at 385 Oaklawn Ave., had to be rescued by boat. Another thirty were
able to walk out of 433 Oaklawn Avenue. Frieda Squires/Journal Staff Photographer

At least five residents NBC 10 spoke with said this is not the first time Dean Estates Luxury Apartments have been flooded.

“This is the third time that this has happened to my vehicle, and my bedroom. Now we have no place to live,” one resident said.

“I really think that the situation was ongoing, and they knew that they needed to fix this problem. My mom’s car was totaled from a similar flood in July,” said England.

The director of the property management company that runs the complex says the flood was Mother Nature’s fault.

Levy said, “We’ve owned it for several years, and as you can see it’s a natural disaster. It’s terrible,” said Stuart Levy with Universal Properties.

When NBC 10 asked, “What do you say to some residents who’ve told us that they don’t believe the storm drains were properly cleared?”


WATCH: Dozens rescued from complex after flash floods.




“That I don’t know. You’ll have to talk with the city about that, I don’t know.”

But the city of Cranston maintains that it is not the city’s responsibility. Cranston Mayor Allan Fung vehemently denied that the city has anything to do with the storm drains in that area.

“If it happened on the Dean Estates Luxury Apartments parking lot, that’s a private property. This building is not owned by the city of Cranston at all. And if the drain in question is on private property, it’s the private properties, the management company’s responsibility to maintain it, not the city’s,” said Fung.

At least one elderly woman who lived in one of the lower units had to be hospitalized after the flood. And one firefighter was treated for an ankle injury after being caught in a sink hole inside one of the damaged buildings.

Both the American Red Cross and the property management company have stepped in to help displaced people find shelter. - KSN.






WORLD WAR III: United States War With Syria Is Inevitable - House Leaders Back Obama's Call For Military Strikes On Syria; First Syria Rebels Armed And Trained By CIA 'On Way To Battlefield'; Syria Is Said To Be Hiding Weapons And Moving Troops!

September 03, 2013 - UNITED STATES - Evidence of a chemical weapons attack in Syria proves "beyond any reasonable doubt" that President Bashar al-Assad's government was behind it, U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry told the Senate Foreign Relations Committee on Tuesday afternoon. Kerry acknowledged concerns over faulty intelligence on weapons of mass destruction in Iraq ahead of the U.S. invasion in 2003, but reassured committee members that the U.S. "intelligence community has scrubbed and re-scrubbed the evidence" out of Syria.




The leaders of both parties in the House of Representatives emerged from a White House meeting Tuesday to support President Barack Obama's call for American strikes against government forces in Syria's civil war.

House Speaker John Boehner, R-Ohio, told reporters that only the United States has "the capability and capacity" to respond to what Washington says was a poison gas attack by troops loyal to Syrian President Bashar al-Assad.

"The use of chemical weapons is a barbarous act. It's pretty clear to me that the United Nations is unable to take action; NATO, not likely to take action," Boehner said.

House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi added that Washington must respond to actions "outside the circle of civilized human behavior."

"Humanity drew a line decades ago that I think if we ignore, we do so to the peril of many other people who could suffer," said Pelosi, D-California.

But in a written statement later, Boehner said it is up to Obama "to make his case to the American people and their elected representatives" -- including securing support from individual members.

"All votes authorizing the use of military force are conscience votes for members, and passage will require direct, continuous engagement from the White House," the speaker said.

The United States, along with NATO and several other countries, blames al-Assad's forces for a chemical weapons attack that's believed to have killed more than 1,000 people -- including, Obama said Tuesday, more than 400 children.

Syria denies the accusations and accuses rebel groups of using chemical weapons, while the rebels blame government troops. The United States and several of its allies say the rebels don't have the capability to launch a large-scale chemical attack like the one seen outside Damascus on August 21.

At the United Nations, Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon urged Security Council members to await test results on samples collected by U.N. weapons inspectors who left Syria over the weekend.


WATCH: Ban Ki-moon on chemical weapons.





"We should avoid further militarization of the conflict and revitalize the search for a political settlement," Ban said. "I take note of the argument for action to prevent further uses of chemical weapons. At the same time, we must consider the impact of any punitive measure on efforts to prevent further bloodshed and facilitate a political resolution of the conflict. The turmoil in Syria and across the region serves nobody."

He urged member states to work through the Security Council, where Syrian allies Russia and China are expected to block any call for military action.

"The Security Council has a duty to move beyond the current stalemate and show leadership," Ban said. "This is a larger issue than the conflict in Syria. This is about our collective responsibility to humankind."

Meanwhile, Syria's U.N. ambassador, Bashar al-Jaafari, told CNN's Christiane Amanpour that the allegations of poison gas use by his government "are false and unfounded." All Syrians will be victims "of any escalation of the situation," al-Jaafari added.

"We don't need wars. We need peaceful settlement of conflicts according to the charter of the United Nations," he said.

Obama's meeting with congressional leaders was part of his administration's push to convince Congress to support action against Syria. Three top administration officials -- Secretary of State John Kerry, Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel and Gen. Martin Dempsey, the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff -- are expected to press the case further during a Senate Foreign Relations Committee hearing Tuesday afternoon.

"This is not Iraq, and this is not Afghanistan," Obama told reporters before the meeting. "This is a limited, proportional step that will send a clear message -- not only to the Assad regime, but also to other countries that may be interested in testing some of these international norms -- that there are consequences."

Most of the focus has been on the House. In the Senate, a Democratic source familiar with Majority Leader Harry Reid's thinking told CNN that Reid is confident any authorization measure will pass his chamber. The source said it is likely 60 votes will be needed to overcome a filibuster, and Reid thinks the votes are there.


Obama: The plan 'fits into a broader strategy'

Obama said failing to punish Syria would send "a message that international norms around issues like nuclear proliferation don't mean much," he said. The U.S. military plan "gives us the ability to degrade Assad's capabilities when it comes to chemical weapons.

"It also fits into a broader strategy that we have to make sure that we can bring about over time the kind of strengthening of the opposition and the diplomatic and economic and political pressure required so that ultimately we have a transition that can bring peace and stability, not only to Syria, but to the region."

Obama said Saturday that the use of chemical weapons is "a challenge to the world" that threatens U.S. allies in the region -- but he said he would seek the authorization of Congress before unleashing American force. No vote on military action is expected until after lawmakers reconvene from recess on September 9.


WATCH: UN - Syrian opposition speaks to press.





Five American warships, including four guided-missile destroyers, are now posted off Syria in the eastern Mediterranean Sea. Another five, including the aircraft carrier USS Nimitz, are in the Red Sea, but aren't expected to take part in any strike, a U.S. official said Monday.

The threat of attack has, as expected, led to "a lot of dispersal" of Syria military assets in recent days, a U.S. official with direct access to the latest information told CNN. That means the U.S. military needs to update its target lists continuously, the official said.

But former CIA Director Michael Hayden said that also means it's harder for al-Assad's troops to operate on the battlefield.

"He's dispersed his forces. He's camouflaged his forces. He's hidden his forces. That means he can't use his forces," Hayden, a retired Air Force general, told CNN's "The Lead" on Monday. "So he's actually suffered some military penalties because of what he's been forced to do because by our threat of action."

A senior Pentagon official told CNN that during Tuesday's Foreign Relations hearing, Dempsey will focus on answering questions from senators about the use of military force, rather than making an overt case for military action. It will mainly be Hagel who makes the case that the use of force is warranted, a second senior defense official said. Both declined to be identified because they were speaking in advance of the hearing.

The United Nations has said more than 100,000 people -- including many civilians -- have been killed in Syria since a popular uprising spiraled into a civil war in 2011. Syrian opposition activists reported another 107 dead on Monday, mostly in Damascus and its suburbs.

New U.N. figures Tuesday point to the staggering impact the war has had on the nation.

The number of Syrians who have fled their war-ravaged country has risen above 2 million, the U.N. refugee agency reported, an increase of nearly 1.8 million people over the past 12 months.

More support for the opposition

U.S. plans for strikes against Syria may be coupled with increased support for rebel forces in that country's civil war, two leading Republican senators said after meeting with the president on Monday.
Sen. John McCain, the ranking Republican on the Senate Armed Services Committee, and fellow Armed Services member Lindsey Graham said the United States needs to help the rebels reverse battlefield gains by troops loyal to al-Assad.


WATCH: UN - Syrian refugee numbers cross two million.





"We still have significant concerns, but we believe there is in formulation a strategy to upgrade the capabilities of the Free Syrian Army and to degrade the capabilities of Bashar al-Assad," McCain said.

McCain, who has called for U.S. intervention in Syria since early 2012, criticized Obama's decision to seek a vote before striking. But he said it would be "catastrophic" for Congress to reject the president's call to authorize military force.

And Graham told CNN's "New Day" on Tuesday that without the right American strategy, "the whole region's going to go down in flames." Graham, R-South Carolina, said Iran will be emboldened to continue its pursuit of nuclear weapons if no international action is taken against Syria, and the region will be further destabilized.

"Let's see if we can come up with a strategy that has a chance of working -- a military strike to degrade Assad, upgrading the rebel opposition forces, regional players help carrying some of the burden makes sense to me," he said.

Al-Assad told the French newspaper Le Figaro that an attack on his country risks a regional war, however.
"The Middle East is a powder keg, and the fire is approaching today," he told Le Figaro in an interview published Monday.

"One must not speak only of the Syrian response, but rather what could be produced after the first strike," he said. "Because nobody can know what will happen."

Neither Washington nor Paris has "a single proof" that the Syrian government was behind the alleged chemical weapons attack against civilians on August 21, he said.

Obama would have gone back to the U.N. Security Council if he were a strong leader, Assad said, but instead he has given in to pressure to act from within the United States.

U.N. inspectors await test results

U.N. weapons inspectors left Syria on Saturday with samples that will help determine whether chemical weapons were used in the August 21 attack. Those samples will all be at laboratories by Wednesday and will be tested "strictly according to internationally recognized standards," Ban told reporters at U.N. headquarters.

Those tests could take up to three weeks -- and even then, those tests will only determine whether a gas attack took place, not who was behind it.

"If confirmed, the use of chemical weapons by anyone, under any circumstances, will be a serious violation of international law and an outrageous war crime," Ban said.

Kerry said Sunday that hat blood and hair samples taken from medics at the scene of the alleged attack point to the nerve agent sarin. The samples reached U.S. hands "through an appropriate chain of custody, from east Damascus, from first responders," he said.

But David Kay, the former head of the U.S. weapons hunt in Iraq, said the "shadowing effect" of that war makes the U.N. inspectors' jobs more difficult.

"Remember, these results will be analyzed and re-analyzed around the world," said Kay, the former U.N. weapons inspector who ultimately determined Iraq had dismantled the chemical, nuclear and biological weapons programs used to justify the American-led invasion in 2003. "So as an inspector, you want to get it right rather than necessarily get it quick"

Kay told CNN the question has been settled for the Obama administration "and for many Americans, including myself. But that's not enough, because of Iraq." - CNN.




First Syria Rebels Armed And Trained By CIA 'On Way To Battlefield'.
The US announced in June that it would send light arms to the rebels but refused to provide anti-aircraft
missiles and other heavy weapons.
 Photo: JIM WATSON/AFP


During a meeting at the White House, the president assured Senator John McCain that after months of delay the US was meeting its commitment to back moderate elements of the opposition. Mr Obama said that a 50-man cell, believed to have been trained by US special forces in Jordan, was making its way across the border into Syria, according to the New York Times.

The deployment of the rebel unit seems to be the first tangible measure of support since Mr Obama announced in June that the US would begin providing the opposition with small arms. Congressional opposition delayed the plan for several weeks and rebel commanders publicly complained the US was still doing nothing to match the Russian-made firepower of the Assad regime.

Mr McCain has been a chief critic of the White House's reluctance to become involved in Syria and has long demanded that Mr Obama provide the rebels with arms needed to overthrow the regime. He and Senator Lindsey Graham, a fellow Republican foreign policy hawk, emerged from the Oval Office meeting on Monday cautiously optimistic that Mr Obama would step up support for the rebels.

"There seems to be emerging from this administration a pretty solid plan to upgrade the opposition," Mr Graham said.  He added that he hoped the opposition would be given "a chance to speak directly to the American people" to counter US fears that they were dominated by al-Qaeda sympathisers.

"They're not trying to replace one dictator, Assad, who has been brutal... to only have al-Qaeda run Syria," Mr Graham said. The US announced in June, following the first allegations the Assad regime had used chemical weapons, that it would send light arms to the rebels but refused to provide anti-aircraft missiles and other heavy weapons.

American concerns were born partly out of the experience of Afghanistan in the 1980s, when CIA weapons given to the anti-Russian mujahideen were later used by the Taliban. - Telegraph.




Syria Is Said To Be Hiding Weapons And Moving Troops.
FILE - In this Monday, Aug. 26, 2013 file photo released by the Syrian official news agency SANA, Syrian
President Bashar Assad gestures as he speaks during an interview with a Russian newspaper, in Damascus,
Syria. As the Obama administration tries to prod Congress into backing armed action against Syria,
the regime in Damascus is hiding military hardware and shifting troops out of bases into civilian areas.
(AP Photo/SANA, File)

As the Obama administration tries to prod Congress into backing armed action against Syria, the regime in Damascus is hiding military hardware and shifting troops out of bases into civilian areas.

Politically, President Bashar Assad has gone on the offensive, warning in a rare interview with Western media that any military action against Syria could spark a regional war.

If the U.S. undertakes missile strikes, Assad's reaction could have a major effect on the trajectory of Syria's civil war. Neighboring countries could get dragged into a wider conflict, or it could be back to business as usual for a crisis that has claimed the lives of more than 100,000 people over 2½ years.

The main Western-backed opposition group says that during the buildup last week to what seemed like an imminent U.S. attack, the army moved troops as well as rocket launchers, artillery and other heavy weapons into residential neighborhoods in cities nationwide. Three Damascus residents, speaking on condition of anonymity for fear of reprisals, confirmed such movements.

One man said two members of the elite Republican Guards broke into an empty house he owns and showed him an official document stating they were authorized to do so because Syria is at war. A woman in another area said soldiers moved into a school next to her house.

A U.S. official confirmed there are indications that the Syrian regime is taking steps to move some of its military equipment and bolster protection for defense facilities.

The official, who was not authorized to discuss intelligence matters and spoke on condition of anonymity, said that at this point, the U.S. has the information it needs to maintain a good handle on what the regime is doing to prepare.

The trend inside Syria is likely to continue in the coming days now that the regime has won a reprieve with President Barack Obama's decision to seek congressional approval for military action.

"The Syrian regime knows there are 30-40 potential targets for U.S. airstrikes, and they have had ample time to prepare," said Hisham Jaber, a retired Lebanese army general and director of the Middle East Center for Studies and Political Research in Beirut. "Half of them, if not more, have been evacuated, moved or camouflaged. This is the natural thing to do." - AP.






GLOBAL VOLCANISM: Global Volcano Report For September 03, 2013 - Updates On Shiveluch, Kizimen, Batu Tara, Dukono And Veniaminof!

September 03, 2013 - WORLDWIDE VOLCANOES - The following constitutes the new activity, unrest and ongoing reports of volcanoes across the globe.


Shiveluch volcano.


Shiveluch (Kamchatka): Activity has calmed down, but the lava dome remains active and continues to produce occasional small ash emissions such as this morning:


WATCH: Shiveluch volcano - Ash emission, time-lapse video.





Kizimen (Kamchatka): No significant changes have occurred. The lava dome at the summit continues to grow and produce occasional small to moderate glowing avalanches. KVERT reports moderate seismic activity.


Batu Tara (Sunda Islands, Indonesia): Strombolian to vulcanian-type explosions continue. An ash plume was spotted on satellite data this morning reaching 7,000 ft (2.1 km) altitude.


Dukono (Halmahera): A relatively strong explosion occurred this morning, producing an ash plume that rose to 10,000 ft (3 km) altitude, VAAC Darwin reported.


Veniaminof (Alaska Peninsula, USA): Eruptive activity remains elevated. Strong continuous tremor suggests ongoing lava fountaining associated with lava flows and ash emissions.


Brief clear view of Veniaminof with visible plume last night (Perryville webcam, FAA).


A plume of ash was reported to drift eastward at an altitude of 15,000 ft (4.5 km).



Complete Earthquake list (worldwide) for September 3, 2013.

- Volcano Discovery.





EXTREME WEATHER: Miami-Area Lightning Strike Kills 1, Injures 2!

September 03, 2013 - UNITED STATES - A lightning strike in metropolitan Miami Monday afternoon killed a man and injured two of his friends, police said.




Andres Telles, 31, and his friends, Fidelmar Montero and Miguel Lopez, were pressure-washing a tractor-trailer rig when the lightning bolt hit.

"We went outside, and all three of them were on the ground," Janet Suarez told CNN affiliate WSVN.
Suzrez and her son administered CPR, but couldn't save Telles, she said.

The injured men, Montero and Lopeze, were taken to a local hospital and are listed in stable condition, according to the Miami-Dade Police Department.

It was unclear how close the men were to the spot where lightning struck.

"We're still investigating whether the individuals were directly struck by the lightning or the lightning struck the ground nearby," Det. Robin Pinkard told WSVN.

Lightning strikes caused 28 deaths and 139 injuries in the United States -- the latest year for which figures are available, the National Weather Service said.


WATCH: Miami-area lightning strike kills 1, injures 2.

video



"One in 3,000 people has a chance of being hit by lightning (in a lifetime)," said CNN's Chief Medical Correspondent, Dr. Sanjay Gupta. "Thankfully, very few people die, but it happens a lot more than people realize."

Last month, two farmers died and three others were injured in Buckeye, Kentucky when lightning struck a barn.

Also last month, a lightning strike from a fast-moving storm in Colorado injured 12 soldiers who were training.

And while weather experts say that the best place to be in a lightning strike is indoors, that advice didn't work for two women in Houma, Louisiana.

They were struck three weeks apart
- one in a grocery store in July, and another in her home in May. - CNN.





PLANETARY TREMORS: The Mount Enterprise Fault - Two Sharp Earthquakes Rattle East Texas!

September 03, 2013 - UNITED STATES - An East Texas town has had two earthquakes nearby in one day but no reports of anyone hurt or significant damage. The earthquakes shook East Texas on Monday afternoon.

According to the U.S. Geological Survey, a 4.1 magnitude rattled the ground. Its epicenter was about two miles west-northwest of Timpson. The earthquake occurred at 4:52 p.m.


Location of the two earthquakes.


Timpson is about 25 miles northeast of Nacogdoches.

East Texans reported feeling the earthquake in Mt. Enterprise, Garrison, Gladewater and Henderson and Appleby. A viewer in Garrison says the earthquake shook her house for about 15 seconds.

Timpson police Officer Adam Renfro says he had received reports of dishes and pictures falling from walls but no significant damage.


Reports:

  • Timpson, Texas 75975 - At 4:54 PM we has a sudden loud roaring noise and our entire house shook. Things fell off shelves. It had to be at least a 3.5 or greater. Lasted awhile. Caroline Davis 2336 FM 1970N Timpson,TX 75975
  • Timpson, TX 75975 - We felt a hard shaking that lasted about 15 to 20 seconds. There was a runbling noise, also. Things were falling off the shelves and it was hard to stand up without falling. Caroline Davis 2336 FM 1970 N Timpson, TX 75975
  • Timpson, Texas - Wasn't too bad, about the same as the few in 2012. A little scary, though.
  • Arcadia - Standing at the kitchen sink, lost my balance, and fell forward against the sink. Felt dizzy. Just lasted a second.
  • timpson - Frightened, holding things on my desk to keep them from falling to the floor.
  • Bossier City, LA - I only felt it because I was sitting very still on my bed, studying. I very much doubt that I would have felt it had I not been sitting completely still.
  • DeBerry, Tx - Made light fixtures swing but nothing fell from shelves.
  • tyler - mild jolt felt at 4:41
  • Liberty City - My daughter and I were upstairs watching TV, when I had a feeling someone had shaken my easy chair. We looked at each other and said "What was that?" at the same time.
  • Chapman, Texas - Light shaking. No noise. Lasted about 10 seconds.
  • Concord - Walls were shaking and there was a rumbling sound. Lasted about a minute. I felt a tingling sensation through my body the entire time as well.
  • Nacogdoches, TX - Duration about 3-5 seconds. If I hadn't been sitting still I don't know if I would've felt it.
  • Chireno TX - Lsyind down and felt shaking for about 3 to 5 seconds. Have experienced a 7.4 in California
  • Nacogdoches - I was sitting at my desk so I noticed things shaking. My husband was in the house too but did not feel anything. Felt like a large truck driving by.
  • Nacogdoches, Texas - I was sitting on the bed channel surfing, when I felt a light shaking. I assumed it was vibrations from the washing machine.It seemed to end, and within a few seconds, I felt a second group of waves. I went to check and the washer wasn't running. Later on the local news reported the quake.
  • Appleby , Texas - i was standing next to pond looking at the. water clarity. Heard sudden roaring then noticed strange ripples on water surface. Definately not normal for east texas.
  • cr3261 - Felt more like a blast this time. Vibration rather than swaying. Just felt another, 6:50pm and was swaying feeling and i think lasted less than 10 seconds.
  • Timpson, TX 75975 - At exactly 6:51 PM another earthquake happened here in Timpson, Tx. It didn't last as long, but the shaking was almost as bad. No rumbling this time. Just things falling that we just picked up and more of my set of crystal broke. Caroline Davis Timpson, TX
  • Carthage, TX - At 4:54 I heard rumbling and popping noises, and the house seemed to tilt as if a hard gust of wind had blown against the back wall. The walls popped and the mini blinds swung away from the window. It lasted for a few seconds. Around 6:52 I felt another one!
  • Nacogdoches - At first I thought maybe it was a truck or machine outside. The blinds and some soda in a bottle were moving. I've felt a weak earthquake before and this was very similar. I live on the third floor of my building and that's where I was when I felt it.
  • Lufkin, tx - Was resting in bed and felt it. Probably wouldn't have noticed if I was moving around. 3-4 secs
  • Nacogdoches - J'ai cru a un malaise, puis j'ai entendu une fille crier EARTHQUAKE ( tremblement de terre). Je me doutais que c'était un tremblement de terre, mais très léger.
  • Nacogdoches - on 6th story ... blinds were moving, and felt a vertigo-type sensation.
  • Bethel - At about 6:50ish I was laying on the couch, my husband at the combuter. It felt like the couch and house was being sharply pushed up and my husbands computer chair was rocked while he was in it.
  • Clayton - It kind of freak us out. I never felt the prior ones in 2012, so this was a new experience for me. And because I haven't felt one before, I have nothing to compare it too. Mainly I thought that I was dizzy, NOT!
  • Henderson, TX - at approximately 6:52 I was lying down, and felt my home shake very weakly. This lasted around 4 to 5 seconds. During the quake I noticed an interior door in my home that was open, minimally shaking back and forth.
  • Nacogdoches, Texas - I was sitting on the couch, reading a book when the couch start moving side to side. It lasted about 10 seconds probably, felt like longer to me! Happened about 6:50pm. Don't know if it was another earthquake or an aftershock, felt pretty strong to be an aftershock but I've never been in a earthquake before so what do I know.
  • Nacogdoches - My husband and I were in the living room watching tv when it felt like someone was lightly shaking the couch. I looked at him and asked if he felt in then noticed our floor lamp shaking too. What a strange experience! My first earthquake!
  • Nacogdoches - I was sitting in my dorm watching tv. I thought someone was having a party in the room next to me since the bed is against the wall and was shaking terribly.
  • Brachfield, Tx. - Watching TV and the couch and tea glass was shaking as if we were sitting on the washing machine during the spin cycle.
  • Nacogdoches - Felt couch and the floor moving. Then noticed the one story building make rattling noises. Lasted maybe five seconds. I didn't feel the initial quake but definitely felt the aftershock. Felt like I had vertigo.
  • Appleby, TX - Felt the couch shake and heard dishes rattling in the kitchen. Lasted around 5 seconds. Worse than the ones in 2012.
  • minden, tx - While inside on couch watching tv couch began to shake slowly. Mini blinds shook. Duration about 3 seconds. We did not feel the first one.
  • Timpson, Tx 75975 - The epicenter of both these earthquakes are on the road I live on. Caroline Davis
  • Timpson, tx - Watching tv and heard a loud noise and the house started shaking hard lots of things fell off the wall and the wall looked like it was turning definitely a lot stronger then the 2nd one!!
  • Mount Enterprise - Felt like standing in a boat with lots of waves around is the only description that comes close.
  • Houston - I thought it was just thunder, but it lasted longer than the usual "clap". When I looked outside, the sun was shining.
  • Tyler - Sharp jolt lasting less than 3 seconds followed by light shaking for a few seconds.
  • Gary TX, Lake Murvall - Was laying in bed upstairs
  • Gary City - We first got the 4.1 and about an hour or so later we got another it felt much much longer then the first one.The first one barely shook the house but the second one was stronger and shook longer maybe it was about a 4.3 I grew up in S. Calif so over the last year or so we have been having earthquakes in Timpson and we are on the South side of Panola County so we feel it more so then people who live in Carthage TX. The 1st time we had the quake
  • Cushing, Texas - Around 7:00pm I was surfing the web when I felt light to moderate shaking that was very distinctive. It was enough to know that something had happened. After it took place Facebook light up. My wife felt like she was experiencing vertigo.

  • Experts say the second quake was a 4.3 magnitude at 6:51 p.m. Monday. The epicenter was about 2.5 miles west-northwest of Timpson, a town of about 1,200 located 150 miles southeast of Dallas. Timpson police received reports of dishes and pictures falling from walls after the first quake. The sheriff's office had no reports of damage following the second earthquake.

    USGS shakemap intensity of the 4.1 earthquake.


    This is the tenth earthquake to hit Shelby County since May 2012.

    RECENT EAST TEXAS EARTHQUAKE TIMELINE
    • May 10, 2012 - (3.9) NW of Timpson.
    • May 17, 2012 - (4.8) ENE of Timpson.
    • May 20, 2012 - (2.7) SSW of Timpson.
    • May 26, 2012 - (2.5) SE of Timpson.
    • June 16, 2012 - (2.1) SSW of Timpson.
    • December 7, 2012 - (2.8) SW of Timpson.
    • January 25, 2013 - (4.1) W of Timpson.
    • January 29, 2013 - (2.8) S of Timpson
    • January 31, 2013 - (2.7) S of Timpson
    • September 2, 2013 - (4.1) WNW of Timpson
    Another series of moderate earthquakes hit Sabine County on April 23, 1964. According to the USGS, Hemphill was near the epicenter of the 4.4 magnitude earthquake.


    WATCH: 4.1 magnitude earthquake rattles East Texas.




    Aftershocks were reported in Pineland, Hemphill, and Milam. Cracked wallpaper and plaster were the only damage reported. More tremors, reaching 4.2 in magnitude, were reported in May, June, and August of that year.

    In 1957, several shocks were reported at 4.7 in magnitude in the Gladewater area in Northeast Texas.



    Tectonic Summary - Earthquakes in the Stable Continental Region.
    Most of North America east of the Rocky Mountains has infrequent earthquakes. Here and there earthquakes are more numerous, for example in the New Madrid seismic zone centered on southeastern Missouri, in the Charlevoix-Kamouraska seismic zone of eastern Quebec, in New England, in the New York - Philadelphia - Wilmington urban corridor, and elsewhere. However, most of the enormous region from the Rockies to the Atlantic can go years without an earthquake large enough to be felt, and several U.S. states have never reported a damaging earthquake. The earthquakes that do occur strike anywhere at irregular intervals.


    USGS earthquake location.

    Earthquakes east of the Rocky Mountains, although less frequent than in the West, are typically felt over a much broader region. East of the Rockies, an earthquake can be felt over an area as much as ten times larger than a similar magnitude earthquake on the west coast. A magnitude 4.0 eastern U.S. earthquake typically can be felt at many places as far as 100 km (60 mi) from where it occurred, and it infrequently causes damage near its source. A magnitude 5.5 eastern U.S. earthquake usually can be felt as far as 500 km (300 mi) from where it occurred, and sometimes causes damage as far away as 40 km (25 mi).

    Faults

    Earthquakes everywhere occur on faults within bedrock, usually miles deep. Most of the region's bedrock was formed as several generations of mountains rose and were eroded down again over the last billion or so years.

    At well-studied plate boundaries like the San Andreas fault system in California, often scientists can determine the name of the specific fault that is responsible for an earthquake. In contrast, east of the Rocky Mountains this is rarely the case. All parts of this vast region are far from the nearest plate boundaries, which, for the U.S., are to the east in the center of the Atlantic Ocean, to the south in the Caribbean Sea, and to the west in California and offshore from Washington and Oregon. The region is laced with known faults but numerous smaller or deeply buried faults remain undetected. Even most of the known faults are poorly located at earthquake depths. Accordingly, few earthquakes east of the Rockies can be linked to named faults. It is difficult to determine if a known fault is still active and could slip and cause an earthquake. In most areas east of the Rockies, the best guide to earthquake hazards is the earthquakes themselves.


    SOURCES: USGS | Earthquake Report | KTRK | KLTV.



    WEATHER ANOMALIES: Atlantic Hurricane Season Reaches Halfway Point Without A Hurricane - In May, NOAA And Other Meteorologists Predicted An Above-Normal Hurricane Season?!

    September 03, 2013 - ATLANTIC OCEAN - Meteorologists predicted an above-normal hurricane season in the Atlantic, but Monday marked the halfway point of the season and not one hurricane has brewed yet.

    A satellite image of the Atlantic Ocean and Caribbean on Monday, Sept. 2, showing little disturbance.
    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration


    In May, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration predicted a “very active” hurricane season and said they expected between seven and 11 hurricanes. In August, the NOAA lowered the numbers to between six and nine possible hurricanes, but anticipated that three to five of those could become major hurricanes — storms in which winds are above 111 mph.

    When the NOAA released its second report, the lead seasonal hurricane forecaster at NOAA’s Climate Prediction Center, Gerry Bell, Ph.D., said, “Our confidence for an above-normal season is still high because the predicted atmospheric and oceanic conditions that are favorable for storm development have materialized.”

    However, Monday was the midpoint of the season, which runs from June 1 to Nov. 30, and the Atlantic has yet to see a hurricane. Is it safe for those on the East Coast to drink their bottled water and eat their canned goods, regardless of predictions?

    Dennis Feltgen, a NOAA meteorologist based in Florida, said, “it’s still forecast to be an active season and it still can be.”

    Records tracking hurricanes date back to 1851 and since then, “there have been 20 other years where the first hurricane of the season has formed on or after Sept. 3,” Feltgen said.

    The last time August passed without a hurricane was in 2002, when the first one formed Sept. 11, he said.

    Feltgen said that regardless of the rarity of making it to Labor Day without a hurricane, “to write off the season would be a huge mistake,” because “we just entered the peak of the season.”

    Feltgen said that in 2001, the first hurricane didn’t hit until Sept. 9, but “we ended up with 15 named storms” that year. “And remember, Sandy made landfall on Oct. 29,” he added, referring to the superstorm that cost the Northeast $60 billion in damage and killed more than 100 people there.

    A new study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences suggests that global warming reduced the possibility of the atmospheric currents that caused two storms to converge into Sandy and steered it into the New York region.

    Study co-author Adam Sobel told The Associated Press that "Sandy was an extremely unusual storm in several respects and pretty freaky. And some of those things that make it more freaky may happen less in the future." Still, because of rising sea levels, a typical storm from the south could cause even more damage than Sandy did.

    “There's nothing to get complacent about coming out of this research," Sobel told the AP.

    Feltgen agreed. “We don’t want anyone letting their guard down ... We will have a hurricane, we’ll probably have a number of them,” he said. - NBC News.