Sunday, April 10, 2011

Planetary Tremors: Precursors To An Imminent Disaster In America - Yellowstone Supervolcano May Be Larger Than Previously Thought!

In the 2009, science fiction disaster film, 2012,the destruction of the majority of planet Earth starts off when seismic tremors increases rapidly along the west coast of the United States, causing a mega earthquake that ruptured the San Andreas Fault, ultimately leading to a massive eruption of the Yellowstone Caldera. If movies are seen as a form of predictive programming or foreshadowing, perhaps we should take the Roland Emmerich film seriously, considering that the film's depiction of the Caldera resulted in monumental cataclysmic chaos across the globe and given the following news report from the Huffington Post.

It's kind of a scary thought to consider the possibility that a 'supervolcano' could be even bigger than scientists initially believed. The volcanic mass, known as the Yellowstone Caldera or more commonly the Yellowstone Supervolcano, was previously measured at about 25 miles by 37 miles wide. However, a new study, set to be published in the Geophysical Research Letters journal says there may be more to it than that. Using a new method of magnetic imaging, scientists have come to theorize that the plume feeding the underground volcano could extend further than seismic measurements taken in 2009 suggest.
From the BBC: "The new study, using electrical conductivity, can only see about 320km (200mi) below ground. But it shows the conductive part of the plume dipping more gently, at an angle of perhaps 40 degrees to the west, and extending perhaps 640 km (400 miles) from east to west. The caldera has seen quite a bit of activity in recent years. According to National Geographic, some areas of Yellowstone have seen the ground rise as much as much as 10 inches as a result of swelling magma."
The caldera has seen quite a bit of activity in recent years. According to National Geographic, some areas of Yellowstone have seen the ground rise as much as much as 10 inches as a result of swelling magma. However, the ground has swelled and reduced numerous times over the years. While ground swelling can be a sign of a pending explosion, such as in the case of Mt. St. Helens, it doesn't necessarily mean an eruption is looming, according to National Geographic.

JAPAN: A Perpetual Deluge of Chaos - Japan's Meteorological Agency Warns Of IMMINENT Massive Earthquakes And Volcanic Explosions?!

The consistent thought that is represented on this blog, is that Japan will eventually sink into the ocean, and what we are currently witnessing there now, are really precursors to this coming event. It now seems that Japan's Meteorological Agency is also coming around that view as well.

Japan's Meteorological Agency on Friday warned the country's 20 volcanoes has become alive due to the massive March 11 earthquake, and a study said earthquake over 9.0-magnitude might hit Japan. The Agency said volcanic explosion occurred after earthquake several times in history and people should maintain vigilance against this tendency. The number of earthquake above 6.0 M reached 77 on March. And 74 out of them occurred in quake-hit region, were aftershock. The number is 50 times over the same period last year. The largest aftershock on April 7 hit Japan has killed 4 people, injured at least 166, and caused a power outage over 2.61 million households, according to Japan's police officials. The Meteorological Agency warned aftershocks above 6.0 M like the April 7 earthquake probably would hit Japan again. Meanwhile, quakes of the country's 20 volcanoes occurred more frequently after the massive March 11 earthquake, especially, the Fuji, Hakone, and Aso-San. Authorities in Japan on Friday announced a research findings which indicated chain earthquake over 9.0-magnitude might hit Japan and its offshore area. A massive 9.0 magnitude earthquake hit off the northeastern coast of Japan on March 11, 2011, triggering a massive tsunami which caused alerts to go up along the pacific basin. The National Police Agency reported at 10:00 a.m., April 8, the death toll rose to 12,731. The number of reported missing declined to 14,706. - International Business Times.
It is quite obvious that the subducting tectonic plates that produced the March 11th mega-quake and the subsequent aftershocks, is forcing massive amounts of magma intrusion. This surge will occur at a very deep level, as the older and heavier plate bends and thrust forcibly into the Earth, formulating wide trenches, as is the case with the Pacific Plate descending under the younger Eurasian Plate in the Marianas Trench.

This process will ultimately lead to impending volcanic eruptions, since the volcanic arc is perpetually aggravated. The sinking of Japan will probably result from the sudden disappearance of the leading edge of one of these plates during the subduction trench process, and the entire plate is consumed into the Earth's mantle, effectively rearranging the entire plate boundaries and properties and ultimately pulling the island's landmass into a vortexual drift.

Major Alert: CDC - 'SUPERBUG' Spreads To 35 American States; Kills Upwards Of 40 Percent Of The People Who Come In Contact With It!

A dangerous drug-resistant bacterium has spread to patients in Southern California, according to a study by Los Angeles County public health officials. More than 350 cases of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae, or CRKP, have been reported at healthcare facilities in Los Angeles County, mostly among elderly patients at skilled-nursing and long-term care facilities, according to a study by Dr. Dawn Terashita, an epidemiologist with the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health.

It was not clear from the study how many of the infections proved fatal, but other studies in the U.S. and Israel have shown that about 40% of patients with the infection die. Tereshita was not available for comment Thursday morning but was scheduled to speak about the study in the afternoon. "These are very serious infections, hugely complicated by the fact that the treatment options are severely limited," said Dr. Arjun Srinivasan, associate director for healthcare-associated infection-prevention programs at the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta. The L.A. County Department of Public Health describes CRKP as an antibiotic-resistant organism that "can cause infections in healthcare settings, including pneumonia, bloodstream infections, wound or surgical site infections, and meningitis." The pathogen is even resistant to specialized drugs developed to treat difficult infections. "This is considered a threat to patient safety," according to the county, because such antibiotics "often are the last line of defense." Unlike other superbugs such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, or MRSA, the CRKP pathogen is an enterobacterium, in the same "lethal family" of bacteria as E. coli, Srinivasan said. "We've been monitoring the rise of this organism for a few years at CDC," he said. "Initially, it was first described in North Carolina, and then we started getting reports in the New York and New Jersey area. We are seeing reports of this organism all over the country now." He stressed that unlike MRSA and other superbugs, CRKP has not spread in communities but remains confined to healthcare facilities. "The key is that it remains pretty rare in most places," he said, although, "there are pockets of the country where they are encountering this a lot, like New York City." The superbug is usually treated with the antibiotic colistin, which is so strong it is often toxic to patients but in other cases has not proved strong enough to overcome the bacterium, Srinivasan said. The CDC recommends an aggressive approach in preventing the spread of the bacterium, including isolating infected patients and testing those around them. Prevention is key, Srinivasan said, including ensuring regular hand washing by healthcare workers and other basic infection-control measures. Tereshita analyzed the results of patient tests the health department required hospitals and labs to submit June 1, 2010, to Dec. 31, 2010. Reports were filed by 102 hospitals and five labs. Of the infections reported, 146 (42%) occurred at eight long-term acute-care hospitals, one of which had an outbreak. An additional 20 cases were reported at skilled-nursing facilities. The rest were reported at acute-care hospitals. Particular facilities were not identified in the report. The mean age of patients who tested positive for the pathogen was 73, and more than half were female, the study showed. Terashita concluded that CRKP was more common in Los Angeles County than public health officials had thought (possibly because cases had not been reported accurately), that hospitals need to do a better job of reporting infections and that healthcare facilities need to raise awareness about the bug to prevent the spread of infection. "These patients tend to travel frequently between these and other healthcare facilities," she wrote. Terashita's study had been embargoed for release at a conference of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America in Dallas, beginning on April 1, but several news organizations decided to publish the results Thursday, citing the "public health concerns involved." - LA Times.
Here’s a map from the CDC of states where it has been reported:

Map of CRE Superbug which kills 40% of people who come in 
contact and being spread through California medical facilities.
 The Centers for Disease Control Writes:
Public Health update of Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) producing metallo-beta-lactamases (NDM, VIM, IMP) in the U.S. reported to CDC. Given the importance of Enterobacteriaceae in healthcare-associated infections (HAI) and the extensive antimicrobial resistance found in these strains, all types of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) are an important public health problem, regardless of their mechanism of resistance or their country of origin. In addition, as Enterobacteriaceae are a normal part of human flora, the potential for community-associated CRE infections also exists. Carbapenem-resistance in Enterobacteriaceae can occur by many mechanisms, including the production of a metallo-beta-lactamase (such as NDM, VIM, and IMP) or a carbapenemase (such as Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase, KPC). CDC has been working with partners to prevent CRE infections, including those caused by KPC-producing organisms, which are the most common type of CRE in the United States. The KPC gene makes Enterobacteriaceae bacteria resistant to all beta-lactam/carbapenem antibiotics. KPC producers have been reported in about 35 states and are associated with high mortality, up to 40 percent in one report. They may be present in the other 15 states as well, but have not been reported to CDC.  The presence of CRE, regardless of the enzyme that produced that resistance, reinforces the need for better antibiotic stewardship, transmission prevention, and overall HAI prevention in any healthcare setting. It is important to note that CRE, unlike other drug-resistant infections such as VRSA, are not a nationally reportable or notifiable disease. Therefore, there is not a requirement to report to CDC and therefore we may not know the true number of infections caused by these organisms in the US (only those voluntarily reported to CDC). The detection of new mechanisms of carbapenem resistance (ie, metallo-beta-lactamases) in the United States has raised questions about the identification and control of CRE. The mechanism of carbapenem-resistance is of epidemiologic interest but is not necessary for implementation of infection prevention recommendations. Current guidance for the control of all types of epidemiologically important multidrug-resistant organisms is available in the 2006 MDRO Guideline. In addition, see specific guidance for the control of CRE. These recommendations apply regardless of the resistance mechanism.
States With Confirmed CRE Cases Caused By The KPC Enzyme:
California (CRE caused by the NDM-1 enzyme 
                and VIM or IMP enzyme)
Illinois (CRE caused by the NDM-1 enzyme)
Massachusetts (CRE caused by the NDM-1 enzyme)

New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
South Carolina
Virginia (CRE caused by the 
             NDM-1 enzyme)
West Virginia

MAJOR GLOBAL ALERT: UN - Ozone Depletion at Record 40 Percent!

Several days ago, I highlighted an article from the National Geographic that pointed to the stripping of the protective ozone from the Arctic atmosphere and the catastrophic repercussions that could result if the low-ozone air drifted south. On April 6th, the United Nations published a report indicating that the the Arctic ozone depletion had reached a record 40 percent.

There was an unprecedented thinning of the ozone layer over the Arctic region last winter, according to the United Nations' meteorological agency. Scientists had anticipated the depletion, which is separate from another one in Antartica, but nonetheless urged vigilance to keep harmful ultraviolet light from rising. The Arctic's ozone layer in stratosphere, the second major layor of the Earth's atmosphere, thinned by 40 percent during the season, up from a record of 30 percent, according to the World Meteorological Organization. The depletion resulted from an extremely cold winter in the stratosphere and the continuing presence of chlorofluorocarbons, which destroy ozone molecules. Ozone is an invisible form of oxygen that protects life from the sun's ultraviolet light. But the benefits from it end in the stratosphere, which starts at an altitude of 6 miles and ends at 31 miles. At lower levels in the atmosphere, ozone is corrosive. It emits thermal radiation, and together with other gases such as carbon dioxide cause temperatures to rise much like in a greenhouse. The WMO, which has 189 member-states, made clear the seasonal ozone loss was expected if there was an unusually cold winter in the stratosphere. The effects of ozone in the lower atmosphere were officially recognized in 1987, when nations banned the use chlorofluorocarbons in manufacturing spray cans, styrofoam and refrigerator coolants under the Montreal Protocol. However, chlorofluorocarbons will remain in the atmosphere for decades. The ozone layer over Antartica in the South Pole, where a hole was discovered in the 1970s, is expected to recover between 2045 and 2060. The Antartic ozone hole is an annual phenomenon that happens when temperatures in the stratosphere drop during winter. According to NASA, its size varies but in 2007 was bigger than the whole of North America. In the Arctic, a region that spans all or parts of Canada, Denmark , Russia, Sweden and the United States, the recovery of the ozone layer is expected between 2025 and 2040. According to WMO, ozone loss occurs in the Arctic and Antartic when temperatures fall below -78°C. During such conditions, chemical reactions in the stratosphere turn clouds into ozone-depleting gases, much like chlorofluorocarbons. There is less depletion in the North Pole because the Arctic is always comparatively warmer than the Antartic. "The degree of ozone loss experienced in any particular winter depends on the meteorological conditions," WMO Secretary-General Michel Jarraud said in a statement. "The 2011 ozone loss shows that we have to remain vigilant and keep a close eye on the situation in the Arctic in the coming years." - All Headline News

Planetary Tremors & Aftershocks: Burma Earthquake Update!

The aftershocks of low magnitude earthquakes were still being felt Sunday morning, due to the 7.0 magnitude earthquake which hit Burma on Thursday, March 24th. Aid has been supplied to damaged areas and people were given blankets, medicines and food. People are rebuilding their residences and their lives after the earthquake, however, the heavy rain on Sunday inhibited efforts of rebuilding.

Here is a look at a country and its people trying to recover from a disastrous event, courtesy of the VOA.